Terms of Reference
Gender Analysis of Federal Budget Consultancy
Project Name: Strengthening PRS Monitoring
Post Title: Gender Analysis of Federal Budget - Consultant
Duration of Assignment: 8 weeks spread over 3 Months
Duty Station: Desk Review – at the station of the expert
Ministry of Finance and UNDP Pakistan signed an agreement for the initiation of a Strengthening PRS Monitoring Project (2008-2012). The objective of the Project is to strengthen institutional capacities for results-based monitoring and evaluation of poverty reduction strategies at Federal and Provincial levels. Gender Responsive Budgeting is an important component of this project.
Budgets are important policy tools of a government that reflect its political priorities. Although a budget appears to be a gender-neutral policy instrument set out in terms of financial aggregates, containing a set of expenditure and revenue statistics and the resulting budget surplus or deficit with no particular mention of women or of men, it affects different people–women, men, boys and girls–differently. The purpose of bringing a gender perspective to the budget is to ensure that budgets and associated economic policies address the needs of women and men, girls and boys of different backgrounds equitably, and attempt to narrow any social and economic gaps that exist between them.
This study is the part of ongoing process of gender responsive budgeting in Pakistan. The aim of the study is to provide a snapshot of the governments budgetary priorities to highlight the gender gaps in policies and budgets and to promote efficiency in resource allocation. For women, some public services are more important than men. For instance, health in general, maternity care and child welfare in particular are more important for women than men. Thus the primary focus of this study will be to analyze the differentials in the policies and resource allocations of the budget 2010-11 and 2009-10 on males and females. The publication of the analysis/review will ensure that stakeholders gain increased knowledge. It will also lead to an understanding of the gendered nature of budgeting outcomes and result in promoting the formulation and implementation of gender sensitive national policies, programmes and budgets at the federal level.
Outputs and Outcomes
• A gender analysis/review of the 2010-11 and 2009-10 Federal Budget .
• Increased level of understanding and knowledge by stakeholders ( women parliamentarians, researchers, civil society organizations, government officials and technocrats, media) on gender budgeting
• Formulation and implementation of gender sensitive national policies, programmes and budgets that address the specific needs of women and men, girls and boys
• Increased capacity for monitoring key budget issues
Key Focus Areas
The gender review /analysis of the 2010-11 and 2009-10 Federal Budget is expected to take into account the following crucial areas:
• The general situation of women and men, girls and boys in Pakistan relating to basic socio-economic indicators
• A critical analysis of policies underpinning the Federal Budget 2010-11 and 2009-10
• A critical analysis of the resources allocated (the budget) to implementing specific policies, highlighting the extent to which the budget addresses the socio-economic situation of the population
• A trend analysis of the federal budget for the past 2-3 years across different sectors
Tasks and Responsibilities
The following tasks needs to be undertaken by the selected consultant:
1. Review all relevant budgetary (Budget in Brief , Budget Speech, Details of Demand for Grants and Appropriations etc) and planning documents of the government at the federal level including gender responsive budgeting documents, Gender Analysis of Budget 2008-09 and other relevant materials, after consultation with concerned Ministries/ Departments.
2. To analytically review the government’s commitment towards gender mainstreaming in budget, and indicate resource allocation for gender specific projects and grants projected in the federal budgets (2010-11 and 2009-10).
3. To analyze and compare the gender specific allocations in the federal budget 2010-11 and 2009-10 (in terms of increase or cut down) with allocation and spending of the previous year.
4. Highlight the budget allocations within ministries and also carry out a sector wise analysis to determine the trend in budgetary allocation and also identifying key areas/priorities (if any) not covered in the federal budget 2010-11 and 2009-10.
5. Analyze the level of priority given to selected programmes in the sectors like Health, Education, Population Welfare, Social Security & Welfare etc.(e.g. by expressing the allocation to these programmes as a percentage of the total sector budget study).
6. Give recommendations on possible gender specific sectors/ projects which will help promote gender equality and help in better resource utilization (parliamentarian’s development grant of Rs. 20 million) by women parliamentarians.
7. Submit the draft gender budget analysis (2010-11 and 2009-10) report to the Strengthening PRS Monitoring Project for review.
8. Following comments from the project team, international consultant and other key stakeholders submit a second draft of the gender analysis of the federal budget (2010-11 and 2009-10).
9. Present the findings of the analysis at a budget analysis workshop and make appropriate adjustments to the analysis in view of the comments/feedback of the participants of the said workshop.
10. Give presentations on the findings of the analysis in seminars and workshops hosted by Strengthening PRS Monitoring Project or other foras.
Structure of the Study/Report
The report/study may have four sections. The first section will present the introduction and the objective of the study followed by (second section) methodology and analytical framework. The third section will cover a detailed analysis/review of the gender dimensions of budgetary resources followed concluding remarks and recommendations in the last section of the study/ report.
Deliverables and Payment
The Strengthening PRS Monitoring Project will pay the consultant on submission of the following deliverables:
• Outline of the study 30 %
• First draft of the study/report 30 %
• Finalized study/report (in the light of the peer review) 40 %
The consultant will report directly to the National Project Director and National Project Manger, Strengthening PRS Monitoring Project.