Disasters have enormous impact on development. Pakistan, in the past sixty years has suffered severe losses on account of disasters. This related, inter-alia, to human life, physical social infrastructure and natural environment. Full appreciation of the underlying causes and consequences of these incidents are not fully mainstreamed into the policies, programmes, procedures and practices, overseen and controlled by the public and private sector.
NDMA is supporting the Ministry of Industries and Production, Government of Pakistan in establishing policy, legal and institutional arrangements for Disasters Risk Management. The purpose of UNDP support is to develop and strengthen the capacity of the public/private sector for adapting strategies for reducing threats of disasters and minimizing the impact of disasters upon communities.
The current development practice of various Public/Private sector organizations is not fully considerate about risk posed by natural and human induced hazards. Therefore, generally the infrastructure are built in locations that are prone to naturals hazards e.g. earthquake flood, cyclones and landslides & human induces hazards like urban fires and technological accidents.
To address the above mentioned issues, a Tannery Zone being established by Sialkot Tannery Association Guarantee Limited through Sialkot Chamber of Commerce and Industry, has been selected on the request of SCCI, to be developed as a Demo Model Project for demonstrating that elements of risk reduction have been fully incorporated in the planning, design and implementation stages.
Sialkot is known as an export city of Pakistan with more than one thousand SMEs, comprising of leather and leather garments, leather gloves, sports goods, surgical, textile, hosiery, cutlery, sanitary ware, decorative articles, judo karate articles, track suits, foot wear, etc.
There are 235 tanneries operating in various parts of Sialkot are scattered all over the city. The tanning industry consumes various industrial chemicals like sodium sulphide, sodium hydroxide, hydrogen peroxide, formaldehyde, basic chromium sulphate, acetone, pigments, varnishes, thinners, dyes, oils and various other chemicals as mentioned above which are carcinogenic in nature. About 65-70% of the chemicals utilized in the leather tanning are drained away and hardly 30% of the chemicals are taken up by the leather with the result that the effluent coming out of the tannery processing 1 Ton of hide/skin per day using a volume of 35000-40000 liters of waters contains TDS ranging from 25000-50000 ppm with the result that it renders the water unfit for human consumption in addition to adversely affecting the flora, fauna and the aquatic life plus being a cause of animal diseases.
These industries also store chemicals for their use. Usually, for their convenience, they store these chemicals in close proximity of their tanneries in the city. These chemicals if hit by any disaster like flood, earthquake or exceptional rains; may add to the suffering of the population and thousands of people are expected to be affected. Further due to their locations, these chemicals are transported through the narrow streets causing traffic problems and endangering human lives in case of any explosion in these trucks.
At present there is no arrangement for the treatment of the discharged effluent. Tannery wastewater / effluent either collect in ponds around the factories or discharged into unlined drains. Solids & sludge accumulates in these drains causing, blockage & localized flooding of adjacent agricultural land. The toxic tanning effluents, spread on the agricultural lands especially during heavy rains, and is a source of various diseases to animals and human beings, rendering the drinking water unfit for human consumption.
Objectives of the Consultancy:
The main objective is to review the existing layout, design, plans, services; Geotechnical investigation; Topographic survey, and other documents, reports either generated by SCCI/STAGL, or available with various government functionaries regarding the geography, location, seismic conditions, floods, rain fall data, landslides, water management with respect to Tannery Zone Sambrial etc and to prepare the physical layout, for the tanneries in the proposed Sialkot Tannery Zone, observing international standards and parameters and conforming to DRR provisions.
The Expert shall be required to prepare such structural plan of the proposed Tannery Zone. He/she shall carry out the activities including but not limited to the following:
1. Collection of data form Sialkot Tannery Association
2. Study of existing layout (if any) and suggest a layout plan for the Tannery Zone. Make estimation of various type of industrial plots for tanners
3. Make suggestions on various facilities required as per international standards including but not limited to the following:
· Combined Effluent Treatment Plant
· Crome Recovery Plant
· Fat Extraction Plant
· Hospital/Emergency Medical Services
· WTO Environmental Compliances Office
· Warehouses and Offices
· Computerized Weigh Station
· Technical Training Facilities
· Private Security Arrangements
· Public Transport Terminal
· Mobile Police Station
· Decent Areas for Workers Food
· Petrol Pump
· Post Office
1. Alternate physical layout plan proposals for the proposed Sialkot Tannery Zone including number of saleable plots and facilities to be provided in the plan. The plan shall also identify the locations of various facilities proposed like fire fighting facilities etc.
2. The Zoning Plan of various types of tanning industries keeping in view the locations of wastewater treatment plant, chrome recovery and fat extraction plants.
3. Guidelines (Identification) for hazards and disaster/risks management in the proposed tannery zone.
N.B. The Draft Feasibility report would be presented and discussed in a workshop with stakeholders at Sialkot and would be there upon finalized by the expert incorporating the suggestions/improvements thereof.