Background and Rationale:
In early 2009 Pakistan witnessed an internal migration of over 3 million fleeing conflict and the waging war against terrorism. A comprehensive framework to turn the tide of the worsening crisis and to build upon initial humanitarian and recovery assistance for peace-building , and longer-term sustainable development was initiated by the Government in partnership with national and international partners through the Post Conflict Needs Assessment (PCNA) of Khyber Pakhtunkhawa (KP) and FATA region.
Resultantly the upcoming County Programme Document 2011-2012 aligned itself to the multifaceted security, political and economic challenges warranting a comprehensive yet targeted development response. UNDP’s posture to the prevailing crises affected areas of KP; focused towards providing assistance to the government in reaching out to and targeting those falling into poverty; and institutional support to national counterparts for adjusting to the environment of post 18th constitutional amendment and the foreseen provincial Local Government laws.
As UNDP Pakistan prepares to enter its next programming cycle with the launch of the Country Programme Document (CPD) 2011-2012, the country office management is undertaking a strategic planning process to strengthen its capacity for proactive and strategic knowledge bank of policy support in the areas of poverty and good governance to the national partners in the rapidly changing macro economic and governance environments.
The key poverty and governance challenges facing Pakistan’s institutional landscape (but are not limited to) include 1) a rising distributional disparity between income groups and spatial divisions with rising unemployment and poverty incidence; 2) an increase in the crime and suicide rates driven by the inability of poor to afford subsistence and the weak capacity of the state to effectively deliver protection against hunger and human insecurity; 3) fiscally constrained and over stretched state institutions fighting conflict and terrorism; 4) limited capacities of provincial government to deliver on its expanded mandate post 18th Constitutional Amendment bill 5) Roll back of the 9 year devolution process, recentralizing powers from the districts to the provinces as reflected in the emerging new Local Government Laws.
These structural governance reforms come at a time of prevailing economic challenges on both the domestic and external front coupled with the unmet needs and expectations of the people for basic infrastructure, social services, employment and security in a rapidly growing conflict and crisis situation.
Objective of the Consultancy Support:
To deepen UNDP policy engagement on poverty and governance issues to support the emerging and ongoing structural reform processes.
Nature of Support and Deliverables
- Assessment of the economic and political situation and its implications on prevalence of poverty and inequality and good governance; This includes preparation of policy review, position papers, institutional assessments, CPD and risk analyses as inputs to guide UNDP’s strategic posturing and positioning. A specific focus will be on the changing economic, governance/political and security contexts.
- Articulation of the emerging opportunities for UNDP support to national partners to address policy challenges on poverty and governance fronts; This includes analytical work for support to management in preparing for high level consultation meetings and strategic dialogue with the government and development partners on emerging country priorities.
- Development of strategic framework and identification of institutional partners to effectively respond to evolving poverty and governance issues. This includes developing strategies for integrated approaches on emerging reforms contextualized within the political economy as well as identifying effective entry points and challenges for cross thematic linkages; furthermore, the proposals will build upon UNDP’s lessons from the past interventions.
- Analyzing and providing inputs on policies, strategic dialogues, advocacy initiatives and knowledge products; Support in peer reviewing and providing inputs for enriching UNDP knowledge products and facilitate knowledge sharing and cross-fertilization of ideas
- To assist UNDP with its resource mobilization strategy and framework development in the emerging areas of the CPD and the evolving donor and government investment frameworks.
Focus Areas for Support:
Under Good Governance:
a. Upstream policy advice to key stakeholders leading the reform process in areas of Accountability, Transparency and Integrity; New LG legislation; Conflict sensitive governance (as related to PCNA); Sectoral Governance (in the context of One UN) and Inclusive Urban Governance
b. To support UNDP in taking forward the Aid effectiveness agenda and develop analytical papers for policy dialogue with the government and development partners.
c. Devise analytical frameworks for UNDP on social exclusion; citizen centered development and rights based approaches;
Under Poverty Reduction:
a. Upstream policy advice to key stakeholders to analyze the structural issues in the economy confronting inclusive growth policies and strategies;
b. Analyse and recommend institutional frameworks and mechanisms to promote domestic commerce through small and medium enterprise promotion. This will include but not limited to examination of issues relating to physical infrastructure; property rights; tax laws/ burden, contract enforcement; access to finance; quality control and domestic standards, urban zoning laws etc;
c. Policy and institutional review of Social Protection and Inclusion systems for recommending an integrated strategy and legislative framework on employment guarantee/ public sector led employment generation in labor intensive economic sectors encouraging women’s labour force participation. This will include analysis of issues relating to financing feasiblity, targeting, institutional mechanisms; transparency and accountability, productivity, minimum wage etc.
Reporting: The incumbent will work under the overall supervision of the Deputy Country Director (Programme)
Duration: 75 – 100 Consultancy Days on a retainer basis