Pakistan continues to suffer from a plethora of natural and human induced hazards that threaten to affect the lives and livelihood of its citizens; e.g. floods, earthquakes, landslides, cyclones and drought, fires, civil unrest and terrorism and transport and industrial accidents. The Climate Change and related disaster risks have added an additional dimension to the task of development planners. The nation’s ability to increase its capacity to withstand natural and human induced disasters lies in the adoption of new strategies. Adopting a proactive approach would include disaster risk reduction with regards to particular hazards. Such an approach would be focused at benefiting the most vulnerable segments of population and it would raise the impact of national development strategy on poverty alleviation.
The country lacks a systematic approach towards disaster risk management. Provinces reflect diverse capacities to respond for reasons of institutional capacities, ability for integrated contingency planning and resource inadequacy for emergency response. However, all provinces do undertake detailed pre-disaster response planning with armed forces that play a key role especially in floods. Simultaneously UN agencies and international NGOs actively participate in the contingency planning process in consultation with NDMA at the National Level. However to analyse potential hazards with regards to their possible humanitarian impact and consequences requires a common strategic planning framework for all stakeholders to identify clear objectives, roles and responsibilities. The lack of hazard specific contingency planning to encounter the potential threats remains a major gap and even the districts and regions that have suffered from frequent hazards don’t have contingency plans, except few. NDMA & UNDP continue to emphasise upon the contingency process as a preparedness measure for response to natural and human induced hazards. The main purpose is to focus on planning for the impending disasters to identify and analyze related risks for their humanitarian impact, and to define roles and responsibilities of diverse national stakeholders for preparedness and response.
In this backdrop and under the overall umbrella of the One-UN Disaster Risk Management Program, UNDP is supporting the Government of Pakistan in developing contingency plans for major hazards. This particular assignment requires the expert to develop Earthquake Contingency Plan.
The Earthquake Contingency Planning Expert will report to Director Mitigation & Planning, NDMA.
Duties and Responsibilities:
• Determine the locations of earthquake-hit areas in Pakistan by examining both the qualitative and quantitative information. On the basis of it, determine the most vulnerable areas that are most likely to be affected by earthquakes. Review of existing national earthquake contingency plans, earthquake historical records, frequency of occurrence and its impacts in Pakistan is essential.
• Determine accurate and scientific earthquake damage scenarios and corresponding humanitarian caseloads especially in urban areas of Pakistan along all major geological fault-lines present in Pakistan
• Track data about past earthquakes and utilizing the studies and data available of all fault lines in Pakistan determine the expected location and intensity of earthquake activity for the next 100 years.
• Foresee the potential consequences of strong earthquakes on urban areas and civil infrastructure i.e. major public structures at risk of collapse in major cities due to seismic loading and advise on measures to be taken to improve their structural integrity, such as recommending removal or repair or re-building the entire structure
• Compile and furnish accurate earthquake specific data based on scientific principles e.g. structural and non structural effects i.e. humanitarian, economic and environmental impacts and suggest possible short and long term remedial actions.
• Develop National Earthquake Contingency Plan in accordance with the outline finalized by NDMA. International best practices will have to be considered during the process.
• Excellent and thorough knowledge of specific field of seismology/ earthquake engineering
• Ability to plan and work independently without maximum supervision.
• Excellent analytical and investigative approach for compilation of information
• Complete information and comprehensive knowledge of hazard occurrences and their impacts in Pakistan pertaining to own specialty
• Good physical health and ability to travel
• Positive attitude with a mind set of delivering development services in a most professional manner;
• Excellent skills in technical writing;
• Excellent listening skills;
• Excellent interpersonal skills;
• Proficiency in both English and Urdu is desirable. Ability to speak and understand the local languages would be an added advantage.