UNDP is supporting the Government of Pakistan (GoP) in establishing policy, legal and institutional arrangements for Disaster Risk Management (DRM). The purpose of UNDP support is to develop and strengthen capacities of the GoP at national, provincial and local levels to adopt strategies for reducing threats of disasters and minimizing the impact of disaster events upon communities.
The GoP has established policy and institutional mechanisms at national, provincial and district levels. A National Disaster Management Ordinance has been issued in December 2006. Under the Ordinance a National Disaster Management Commission (NDMC) and a National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has been established. The NDMC has notified the provincial, regional and state governments to establish disaster management authorities at provincial and district levels.
In order to develop capacities of the newly established national, provincial and district disaster management authorities, the UNDP is working closely with the NDMA. ‘One UN Disaster Risk Management Joint Programme’ has been signed to support implementation of the National Disaster Risk Management Framework for Pakistan 2007.
Systematic DRM is vital for Pakistan as it has suffered colossal losses due to disasters in the past sixty years. Historically disasters have affected all development sectors by destroying schools, hospitals, roads, telecommunication infrastructure, industries, settlements, housing, agriculture and environment. However, current development practices of various Ministries, Departments and International Donors are not fully considerate about risks posed by natural and human induced hazards. Therefore, important infrastructure is built in locations that are prone to natural hazards; e.g. earthquakes, floods, cyclones and landslides or human induced hazards like urban fires and technological accidents.
To address the above mentioned issues, an important initiative under the ‘One UN DRM Joint Programme’ is to integrate Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) into the development policy and programming of Ministries, and Departments. The primary objective of the initiative is to ensure that future development programs and projects of selected Ministries and donors in disaster prone areas incorporate elements of disaster risk assessment and risk reduction in the planning, design and implementation stages so that sustainable physical and socio-economic development could be achieved by minimizing shocks from disasters. In this regard, a three pronged strategy has been adopted in order to address problem from various angles.
For implementation of this initiative, a National Working Group on Disaster Risk Reduction (NWG) has been formed in NDMA, comprising members from 10 selected Ministries and lead donors. The Ministries directly dealt by UNDP include P&D (Planning Commission), Housing and Works, Water and Power, Industries and Production, Defence and Communication. Remaining Ministries include Education, Health, Environment and Food & Agriculture which are being dealt through other concerned UN agencies. Selected international donors include WB and DFID. MWG within each Ministry has been formed to implement sector / Ministry-specific DRR Strategies. NDMA is working with these Ministries to develop their capacities in incorporating disaster risk assessment and risk reduction in actual design and implementation of their development projects based in high risk zones. Assistance is being provided to these Ministries for development of technical guidelines on disaster risk assessment and risk reduction of their relevant programs and projects.
2. Ministry of Communication
Vision of the Federal Ministry of Communication is to achieve National Cohesion and integration through development of sustainable communication infrastructure for Socio-economic uplift of the country by providing enabling environment to facilitate movement of people, goods and services in minimum time and cost.
Ministry of Communications functions as a central policy making and administrative authority on Communications and Transport Sector in the Country. The main objectives / functions of the Ministry of Communications are:
• Prioritization of development projects and operational activities according to economic, social and strategic needs of the country.
• Provide effective support to the economy.
• Promote international competitiveness of our exports and increase operational effectiveness to meet challenges of globalization.
• Integrate remote areas of the country into the economic mainstream.
• Improve project monitoring and implementation.
• Train and improve quality of human resources.
• Enhance good governance through incentives and disciplinary action.
• Improve values and ethics to build responsive organizations.
• Provide safe and smooth travel on National Highways & Motorways.
• Provide an efficient, reliable and speedy postal service matching the private sector courier services.
• Carry out research on road engineering, building and management.
• Modernize post and provide exemplary service to the public.
• Open up unexplored areas through expanding national roads networks.
The Federal Government has allocated 36,790.56 Million the Ministry of Communications as Development Budget for the financial year 2008-2009. It exercises administrative control over the following Departments / Organizations:
1. National Transport Research Centre
2. National Highway & Motorway Police
3. National Highway Authority
4. Construction Machinery Training Institute
3. Objectives of this Consultancy
The main objective is to develop the capacity of the Ministry of Communication through various activities which include development of technical guidelines on integration of DRR into development processes based on gap analysis and review of current development processes, procedures and regulatory frameworks in the Ministry. The Consultant will develop Ministerial Strategy on DRR and associated work plan and implement activities of the work plan and perform other associated tasks.
The Consultant will finalize all the outputs through consultation with MWG as well as NWG. He / She will organize requisite capacity building activities of the Ministry’s staff as envisioned in the Ministerial Strategy on DRR Mainstreaming. One or two on-going / completed development projects would be selected for disaster risk assessment and risk reduction planning and eventually implementation of suggested DRR / mitigation measures.
With the consent of MWG, the Consultant will focus on selected priority attached departments / autonomous bodies of the Ministry. He / She will work in close coordination with Mainstreaming Expert and MWG and will be responsible and plan to achieve the consultancy objectives within the allocated time (Phase I: 05 months) and resources as per the agreed work plan.
The DRR Consultant will report to the Mainstreaming Expert.
The DRR Mainstreaming Officer will perform / deliver following tasks / activities as per the agreed work plan (Phase I):
i. Development and time and again review of Ministerial Strategy on DRR and associated work plan and TORs of the MWG;
ii. Collection of required information from the Ministry and its attached departments;
iii. Conducting gap analysis of development processes, procedures and related regulatory framework from DRR point of view and based on that, development of Ministry-specific ‘Need Assessment Report’ for capacity building on DRR integration, including but not limited to:
a) Functions and mandates of the Ministry and its attached departments / autonomous bodies;
b) Study of potential disaster risks posed by various hazards (natural and human-induced) in communication sector;
c) Review and proposed amendments in the existing project cycle with a view to identify appropriate stages and existing capacity of the Ministry for incorporation of DRR;
d) Ministry’s needs for capacity development on integration of disaster risk assessment and disaster risk reduction with reference to each stage of the project cycle;
e) Suggest modifications in current PC formats and development project approval processes and procedures to integrate DRR;
iv. Carry out capacity building activities, including development of Ministry-specific training material and arranging training courses / workshops / seminars for MWG and other staff of the Ministry;
v. Devise a mechanism / TORs for initial disaster risk assessment of the communication infrastructure and assets controlled by the Ministry;
vi. Develop ‘Technical Guidelines on Integration of DRR in the Ministry of Communication’, including but not limited to:
a) Detailed check-list to assess natural/human-induced hazard risks to planned and existing physical infrastructure in communication sector;
b) Detailed check-list to identify risks that the planned and existing physical infrastructure may pose to the environment and people;
c) Mitigation strategies for different types of infrastructure development projects of the Ministry;
vii. Identify 1-2 development projects (on-going and planned) in consultation of MWG for pilot testing of DRR mainstreaming and organize activities and engage relevant professionals for:
a) Disaster risk assessment
b) Detailed technical and financial feasibility for DRR measures and alternates
c) Cost affects to adopt the DRR measures
viii. Attend meetings of NWG and MWG
National Project Manager / Mainstreaming Expert may assign any other activity to the DRR Mainstreaming Officer with regards to DRR mainstreaming in the ministry.
UNDP is an equal opportunity employer. Women and special persons are encouraged to apply.