UNDP is supporting the Government of Pakistan (GoP) in establishing policy, legal and institutional arrangements for Disaster Risk Management (DRM). The purpose of UNDP support is to develop and strengthen capacities of the GoP at national, provincial and local levels to adopt strategies for reducing threats of disasters and minimizing the impact of disaster events upon communities.
The GoP has established policy and institutional mechanisms at national, provincial and district levels. A National Disaster Management Ordinance has been issued in December 2006. Under the Ordinance a National Disaster Management Commission (NDMC) and a National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has been established. The NDMC has notified the provincial, regional and state governments to establish disaster management authorities at provincial and district levels.
In order to develop capacities of the newly established national, provincial and district disaster management authorities, the UNDP is working closely with the NDMA. ‘One UN Disaster Risk Management Joint Programme’ has been signed to support implementation of the National Disaster Risk Management Framework for Pakistan 2007.
Systematic DRM is vital for Pakistan as it has suffered colossal losses due to disasters in the past sixty years. Historically disasters have affected all development sectors by destroying schools, hospitals, roads, telecommunication infrastructure, industries, settlements, housing, agriculture and environment. However, current development practices of various Ministries, Departments and International Donors are not fully considerate about risks posed by natural and human induced hazards. Therefore, important infrastructure is built in locations that are prone to natural hazards; e.g. earthquakes, floods, cyclones and landslides or human induced hazards like urban fires and technological accidents.
To address the above mentioned issues, an important initiative under the ‘One UN DRM Joint Programme’ is to integrate Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) into the development policy and programming of Ministries, and Departments. The primary objective of the initiative is to ensure that future development programs and projects of selected Ministries and donors in disaster prone areas incorporate elements of disaster risk assessment and risk reduction in the planning, design and implementation stages so that sustainable physical and socio-economic development could be achieved by minimizing shocks from disasters. In this regard, a three pronged strategy has been adopted in order to address problem from various angles.
For implementation of this initiative, a National Working Group on Disaster Risk Reduction (NWG) has been formed in NDMA, comprising members from 10 selected Ministries and lead donors. The Ministries directly dealt by UNDP include P&D (Planning Commission), Housing and Works, Water and Power, Industries and Production, Defence and Communication. Remaining Ministries include Education, Health, Environment and Food & Agriculture which are being dealt through other concerned UN agencies. Selected international donors include WB and DFID. MWG within each Ministry has been formed to implement sector / Ministry-specific DRR Strategies. NDMA is working with these Ministries to develop their capacities in incorporating disaster risk assessment and risk reduction in actual design and implementation of their development projects based in high risk zones. Assistance is being provided to these Ministries for development of technical guidelines on disaster risk assessment and risk reduction of their relevant programs and projects.
2. Ministry of Water and Power / Water and Power Sector
Federal Ministry of Water and Power is looking after all major projects on water resources development and energy production and distribution. As stated by the Ministry “in a country like Pakistan, where agriculture continues to form the major plan of national economy and increasing importance is being laid upon industrial development, the need for optimum development of Water and Power resources can not be over-emphasized. Water and Power, hence take high priority in the scheme of things”. Due to water shortages and current energy crisis in the country, this sector has gained high priority; and numerous huge development projects are being launched / implemented. The Ministry is involved in strategic planning in the sector and overall supervision of its two wings i.e. Water and Power. Further, it has following attached authorities / departments:
• Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA)
• Federal Flood Commission (FFC)
• National Power Construction Company (NPCC)
• Private Power and Infrastructure Board (PPIB)
• Karachi Electric Supply Company (KESC)
• Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB)
• National Engineering Services Pakistan (NESPAK)
• Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC)
Budgeted allocations for development projects of the Ministry for 2008-09 were Rs: 62,420 million for water, and Rs: 67,680 million for power sector. Development projects implemented in this sector has large impact on economy and in case of any disaster, a massive disruption may occur. DRR strategy could play a significant role by implementing mitigation measures in the development projects in the Ministry.
3. Objectives of this Consultancy
The main objective is to build capacity of the Ministry on integration of DRR into development process and programmes following the Ministerial Strategy on DRR. It mainly includes technical assistance to develop the Ministry’s specific technical guidelines on integration of DRR into development processes based on gap analysis and review of current development processes and procedures. The consultant will review and implement the Ministerial Strategy on DRR already developed by the MWG. After analyzing current capacities and gaps in the Ministry regarding DRR integration, the consultant will also plan and carry out capacity building activities through training courses / workshops / seminars and model DRR demo projects. All outputs will be finalized through consultation with MWG as well as NWG.
The consultants will work in close coordination with Mainstreaming Expert and MWG. The consultant will plan to achieve the consultancy objectives within the allocated time (Phase I: 05 months) as per the agreed work plan.
The consultant will report to the Mainstreaming Expert.
The consultant will perform / deliver following tasks / activities as per the agreed work plan (Phase I):
i. Time and again review of Ministerial Strategy on DRR and associated work plan / TORs of MWG;
ii. Collection of further required information from the Ministry and its attached departments;
iii. Conducting gap analysis of development processes, procedures and related regulatory framework from DRR point of view and based on that, development of Ministry-specific ‘Need Assessment Report’ for capacity building on DRR integration, including but not limited to:
a) Functions and mandates of the Ministry and its attached departments / autonomous bodies;
b) Study of potential disaster risks posed by various hazards (natural and human-induced) both in water and power sector;
c) Review of existing gaps. Review and proposed amendments in the existing project cycle with a view to identify appropriate stages and existing capacity of the Ministry for incorporation of DRR;
d) Ministry’s needs for capacity development on integration of disaster risk assessment and disaster risk reduction with reference to each stage of the project cycle;
e) Suggest modifications in current PC formats and development project approval processes and procedures to integrate DRR;
iv. Carry out capacity building activities, including development of Ministry-specific training material and arranging training courses / workshops / seminars for MWG and other staff of the Ministry;
v. Devise a mechanism / TORs for initial disaster risk assessment of the water and power infrastructure and assets controlled by the Ministry (Workout / implement a proposal for risk assessments of assets owned by the Ministry);
vii. Develop ‘Technical Guidelines on Integration of DRR in the Ministry of Water and Power’, including but not limited to:
a) Detailed check-list to assess natural/man-made hazard risks to planned and existing physical infrastructure and buildings in water and power sectors;
b) Detailed check-list to identify risks that the planned and existing physical infrastructure and buildings may pose to the environment and people;
c) Mitigation strategies for different types of infrastructure development projects of the Ministry;
d) Indicators to measure the implementation of DRR strategies in development projects;
viii. Identify one / two development projects (on-going and planned) in consultation of MWG for pilot testing of DRR mainstreaming and organize activities and engage relevant professionals for:
e) Disaster risk assessment
f) Detailed technical and financial feasibility for DRR measures and alternates
g) Cost affects to adopt the DRR measures
ix. Attend meetings of NWG and MWG
National Project Manager / Mainstreaming Expert may assign any other activity to the consultant with regards to DRR Mainstreaming in the Ministry.
UNDP is an equal opportunity employer. Women and special persons are encouraged to apply.