UNDP is supporting the Government of Pakistan (GoP) in establishing policy, legal and institutional arrangements for Disaster Risk Management (DRM). The purpose of UNDP support is to develop and strengthen capacities of the GoP at national, provincial and local levels to adopt strategies for reducing threats of disasters and minimizing the impact of disaster events upon communities.
The GoP has established policy and institutional mechanisms at national, provincial and district levels. A National Disaster Management Ordinance has been issued in December 2006. Under the Ordinance a National Disaster Management Commission (NDMC) and a National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has been established. The NDMC has notified the provincial, regional and state governments to establish disaster management authorities at provincial and district levels.
In order to develop capacities of the newly established national, provincial and district disaster management authorities, the UNDP is working closely with the NDMA. ‘One UN Disaster Risk Management Joint Programme’ has been signed to support implementation of the National Disaster Risk Management Framework for Pakistan 2007.
Systematic DRM is vital for Pakistan as it has suffered colossal losses due to disasters in the past sixty years. Historically disasters have affected all development sectors by destroying schools, hospitals, roads, telecommunication infrastructure, industries, settlements, housing, agriculture and environment. However, current development practices of various Ministries, Departments and International Donors are not fully considerate about risks posed by natural and human induced hazards. Therefore, important infrastructure is built in locations that are prone to natural hazards; e.g. earthquakes, floods, cyclones and landslides or human induced hazards like urban fires and technological accidents.
To address the above mentioned issues, an important initiative under the ‘One UN DRM Joint Programme’ is to integrate Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) into the development policy and programming of Ministries, and Departments. The primary objective of the initiative is to ensure that future development programs and projects of selected Ministries and donors in disaster prone areas incorporate elements of disaster risk assessment and risk reduction in the planning, design and implementation stages so that sustainable physical and socio-economic development could be achieved by minimizing shocks from disasters. In this regard, a three pronged strategy has been adopted in order to address problem from various angles.
For implementation of this initiative, a National Working Group on Disaster Risk Reduction (NWG) has been formed in NDMA, comprising members from 10 selected Ministries and lead donors. The Ministries directly dealt by UNDP include P&D (Planning Commission), Housing and Works, Water and Power, Industries and Production, Defence and Communication. Remaining Ministries include Education, Health, Environment and Food & Agriculture which are being dealt through other concerned UN agencies. Selected international donors include WB and DFID. MWG within each Ministry has been formed to implement sector / Ministry-specific DRR Strategies. NDMA is working with these Ministries to develop their capacities in incorporating disaster risk assessment and risk reduction in actual design and implementation of their development projects based in high risk zones. Assistance is being provided to these Ministries for development of technical guidelines on disaster risk assessment and risk reduction of their relevant programs and projects.
2. Defence Sector / Ministry of Defence
The Ministry of Defence is responsible for the achievement of its Mission Statement which is “to enable the armed forces to defend the national sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and protect its national interests and assets through military means and other defence related capabilities”. The Ministry deals with all policy and administrative matters pertaining to all the armed forces engaged in the defense of the country. The Ministry is responsible for policy and administrative matters pertaining to the Defence of the Federation and three Armed Forces.
The Ministry is involved in strategic planning in the defence sector and overall supervision of its attached departments. This sector spends huge public money. Allocated budget for previous fiscal year was over Rs 295 billion. It has following attached authorities/departments/organizations:
1. Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD)
2. Civil Aviation Authority (CAA)
3. Military Land & Cantonments (ML&C)
4. Airport Security Force (ASF)
5. Survey of Pakistan (SoP)
6. Pakistan Armed Services Board
7. Pakistan International Airlines Corporation (PIAC)
8. Airport Development Agency (ADA)
9. Canteen Stores Department (CSD)
10. National Defence University (NDU)
11. Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO)
12. Maritime Security Agency (MSA)
13. Karachi Shipyard & Engineering Works Limited (KSEW)
14. Federal Government Educational Institutions (FGEI) (Cantts/Garrisons) Directorate
The main tasks of the Ministry include:
• To formulate, coordinate and execute the Defence Policy of Pakistan and other defence related policies;
• To provide-for and manage the national defence needs through Defence Budgeting;
• To administer the Armed Forces of Pakistan;
• To promote and regulate Civil Aviation activities and related infra-structure in Pakistan, so as to be compatible with the contemporary global standards;
• To assist the Civil Administration in the maintenance of Public Order, combating the internal threats and battling the national disasters, calamities and emergencies, if required and asked for;
• To contribute towards the world peace and progress through the UN Peace Keeping and other operations;
Development projects implemented in this sector have large impacts on economy and in case of any large scale disaster; infrastructure available in this sector is usually fully utilized for rescue, response and recovery; and for post disaster rehabilitation and reconstruction. In October 2005 earthquake, this sector itself had lost many lives and precious infrastructure; but even then, played a vital role in rescue, recovery and rehabilitation of affected population and infrastructure. Incorporation of DRR strategy in a sector with already huge infrastructure and enormous spending would play a significant role by implementing mitigation measures particularly in all its infrastructure development projects.
3. Objectives of this Consultancy
The main objectives is to build the capacity of the Ministry of Defence through development of sector specific technical guidelines on integration of DRR into development processes and procedures; and to apply these guidelines and to mainstream DRR as core component into its development programmes particularly for its physical infrastructure development. The consultant will plan to achieve these objectives within the allocated time (Phase I: 05 months) as per an agreed work plan.
The consultant will finalize outputs through consultation with MWG as well as NWG. He/She will organize requisite training / workshops / seminars for the Ministry’s staff as envisioned in the Ministerial Strategy on DRR Mainstreaming. The Ministry has already formed its MWG and has submitted its strategy on DRR to NDMA. Disaster risk assessment and implementation of reduction measures would be done in selected on-going and completed development projects.
The consultant will report to the Mainstreaming Expert.
The consultant will be responsible to achieve the above stated objectives in consultation with the MWG, Mainstreaming Expert and other relevant stakeholders. The consultant will perform / deliver following specific tasks / activities:
i. Time and again review of Ministerial Strategy on DRR and associated work plan / TORs of MWG;
ii. Contact directly or through NDMA for collection of further required information from the Ministry and its attached departments / other stakeholders;
iii. Compilation of Ministry-specific ‘Need Assessment Report’ for capacity building on DRR integration, including but not limited to:
a) Functions and mandates of the Ministry and its attached departments / autonomous bodies;
b) Analysis of current annual development programme planning process and procedure (business process, rules and authorities);
c) Identification of stages in the project cycle where DRR intervention is appropriate; and assessment of existing capacity of the Ministry for incorporation of DRR into these stages;
d) Ministry’s needs for capacity development on integration of disaster risk assessment and disaster risk reduction with reference to each stage of the project cycle;
e) Propose and draft modifications in the existing development planning process and institutional arrangements for integration of DRR, based on the above need assessment;
f) Suggest and draft modifications in project approval processes and procedures, specific to the Ministry, to integrate DRR into each stage of the project cycle;
iv. Carry out capacity building activities, including development of sector-specific training material and arranging training courses / workshops for MWG and other staff of the Ministry / attached departments;
v. Review existing Development Plan or DRM Plan / Contingency Plans / SOPs etc. with a view to incorporate DRR aspects;
vi. Finalize Ministerial Strategy on DRR integration into its development process;
vii. Develop ‘Technical Guidelines on Integration of DRR in the development process of the Ministry of Defence’, including but not limited to:
a) Detailed check-list to assess natural/man-made hazard risks to planned and existing physical infrastructure and buildings in the industrial sectors;
b) Detailed check-list to identify risks that the planned and existing physical infrastructure and buildings may pose to the environment and people;
c) Mitigation strategies for different types of infrastructure development projects of the Ministry;
d) Indicators to measure the implementation of DRR strategies in development projects;
viii. Select one development project (on-going / planned) in consultation of MWG and organize following activities and engage relevant professionals (if required) for:
a) Disaster risk assessment
b) Possible DRR/ mitigation measures and alternates (Mitigation Plan)
c) Cost affects to adopt the mitigation measures
d) Assisting Ministry for actual implementation of identified DRR measures;
ix. Documentation of lesson-learned for larger dissemination;
x. Attend meetings of NWG and MWG;
National Project Manager / Mainstreaming Expert may assign any other activity to the consultant with regards to DRR mainstreaming in the Ministry of Defence.
UNDP is an equal opportunity employer. Women and special persons are encouraged to apply.