The Ministry of Environment (MoE), Government of Pakistan is implementing “Sustainable Land Management Project to Combat Desertification in Pakistan Phase-1” funded jointly by the Government of Pakistan, Global Environment Facility (GEF) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). This project is designed to address global concerns related to land degradation and desertification and assist Pakistan to adopt UNCCD guidelines to create an enabling environment to rehabilitate dryland ecosystems and adaptation to climate change impacts, and promoting sustainable livelihoods to alleviate poverty. The Phase-1 of the Project is under implementation in all the four provinces of Pakistan through a set of interrelated components which include: (1) creating enabling environment for mainstreaming Sustainable Land Management (SLM) practices, (2) building capacities for SLM, (3) mainstreaming SLM principles into land use planning, (4) implementing participatory pilot projects for demonstrating SLM practices, and (5) adaptive management and documentation of lessons learnt & best practices.
Pakistan signed the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in 1994 and ratified it in 1997. Pakistan was one of the first countries to prepare a National Action Programme (NAP) to combat desertification through a consultative process as an obligation under Article 9 of the UNCCD. Many changes have taken place since preparation of Pakistan’s NAP. New global studies like the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA) and the reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change have broadened our understanding of the causes of land degradation and desertification. In order to revitalize the implementation of the UNCCD, the Parties adopted 10-years Strategic Plan for effective implementation of the UNCCD at COP-8 held at Madrid, Spain.
The 10-Year Strategic Plan of the UNCCD envisages forging global and local partnership to reverse and prevent desertification and land degradation. The four strategic objectives of this Plan are to: 1) improve living conditions of the affected populations; 2) improve condition of affected ecosystems; 3) generate global benefits through effective implementation of the UNCCD; and 4) mobilize resources to support implementation of the convention through effective partnerships. The 10-Year Strategic Plan also contains five operational objectives: a) advocacy, awareness raising and education; b) policy framework; c) Science, technology and knowledge sharing; d) capacity building, and e) financing and technology transfer.
Recently, Pakistan has initiated a process of policy reform for updating its sectoral policies with a view to integrate environmental issues and concerns related to Desertification, land degradation and Drought (DLDD). An umbrella National Environment Policy (NEP) was approved by the Government of Pakistan in 2005 encompassing guidelines related to environment for all the sectors of the economy. Likewise, the draft National Forest Policy has been formulated and is in the process of approval. Pakistan’s NAP formulated through a consultative process in 2002 identifies program interventions under different sectors to be taken on priority basis. It requires a critical review and gap analysis before it is updated to incorporate elements of new sectoral policies, approaches, innovative financing mechanisms, fostering new partnerships, enhancing stakeholder coordination and participation, bringing more synergies among sectoral policies and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-II (PRSP-II) for combating DLDD by promoting Sustainable Land Management in Pakistan.
Considering NAP as a strategic framework for action to combat DLDD in Pakistan, the SLMP is looking for a short-term national consultant to carry out an in-depth review and gap analysis of the NAP, analyze to what extent NAP is integrated into national and provincial policies, and make recommendations on how these gaps could be covered. The study will also focus on issues and constrains in implementation of NAP as well as review in the context of COP’s and CRIC’s decisions. The most important aspect of the review would be to align the NAP with new and emerging international commitments and scenarios particularly UNCCD 10-Year Strategic Plan.
The objectives of the study are to:
(i) review the existing NAP and identify institutional, financial and capacity gaps with regard to effectiveness of its implementation.
(ii) evaluate the present day validity of the NAP objectives in the context of 10-Year Strategic Plan of the UNCCD, COP-9 decisions and other emerging issues like Climate Change.
(iii) Identify constraints in mainstreaming NAP into sectoral policies i.e. agriculture, forestry, Range Management, Energy, Water and PRSP-II.
(iv) Propose a strategy to update and align Pakistan’s NAP with UNCCD’s 10-Strategic Plan as per guidelines approved by the COP-9 of the Convention, and
(v) suggest measures for integrating NAP into budgetary processes including synchronization of NAP targets with 5-year planning cycles.
C. Reporting Requirements
The consultant will work under the overall direction and guidance of NPD and NPC with direct reporting to the Coordinator, Policy Reforms, NCU-SLMP. The consultant will work in close coordination with the SLMP team, Ministry of Food & Agriculture, PARC, Ministry of Livestock, Ministry of Science & Technology, Ministry of Environment, Planning and Development Division.
D. Tasks and Responsibilities
The tasks and responsibilities of the Consultant will be as under:
Task I: Inception meeting, preparation of methodology, work-plan and table of contents
This task will include:
ï€ An inception meeting of the Consultant with the SLMP and Ministry of Food and Agriculture will be held to (i) review the process for the conduct of the study, (ii) identify preliminary background information related to the NAP and its gap analysis, and (iii) finalize the methodology, workplan and draft table of contents for the study.
Task II: Review NAP in the light UNCCD COP, CRIC decisions, CBD and Climate Change related policies & strategies
ï€ Take stock and review of relevant literature
ï€ Identify key issues, develop criteria for review of the NAP in the light the following:
ïƒ˜ UNCCD COP, especially its guidelines for NAP alignment and UNCCD 10-Year Strategic Plan;
ïƒ˜ CRIC decisions;
ïƒ˜ Climate change related policies & strategies
ïƒ˜ CBD; and
ïƒ˜ the present day validity of the NAP objectives.
ï€ Review and analyze NAP according to the developed criteria, identify the institutional, financial and capacity gaps in NAP and suggest measures
Task III: Prepare recommendations to overcome these gaps in the NAP
ï€ Hold consultations with key stakeholders for discussing status of NAP in the light UNCCD COP, especially its guidelines for NAP alignment, CRIC decisions, CBD and Climate Change related policies & strategies and its implementation to take their views and comments regarding the measures needed
ï€ Review PRSP-II, Environment and sectoral policies (i.e. agriculture, forestry, energy and water) and National Reports submitted to the UNCCD Secretariat to observe whether NAP is mainstreamed in these documents
ï€ suggest measures for integrating NAP into budgetary processes including synchronization of NAP targets with 5-year planning cycles
ï€ Finalize the recommendations based on inputs during consultations and review of the above documents
ï€ Propose a strategy to update the NAP, including;
o Partners and roles;
o Substantive areas to be covered;
o Implementation and financial mechanisms for the NAP;
o Process to be followed;
o Recommendations for stakeholder participation in effective NAP implementation
o Timelines and costs;
ï€ Prepare first draft report containing recommendations and share with the SLMP Team to take inputs
ï€ Incorporate inputs from SLMP and prepare the second draft report
Task V: Seek validation of recommendations from Stakeholders
ï€ Facilitate a National validation Workshop for discussing the study findings and taking inputs from key stakeholders including Government agencies and NGOs.
ï€ Present findings of the study to the stakeholders in the workshop for validation of the study report and finalize recommendations
ï€ Prepare a report of national validation workshop
Task VI: Prepare detailed study Report
ï€ Prepare a detailed report containing recommendations after incorporating comments of workshop experts/SLMP review
E. Time frame and duration
The total duration of the consultancy will be two months, while the time frame for the assignment is to be mutually agreed between the consultant and the SLMP.
F. Outputs and Deliverables
ï€ A brief outline (table of contents) based on the outputs listed above and brief methodology for the study within a week after signing of the contract,
ï€ A hard copy and a soft copy of the First Draft of gap analysis report based on the outputs mentioned above for feed-back from the project.
ï€ A hard and a soft copy of the 2nd Draft report after incorporating the comments/views on the first draft.
ï€ National validation workshop facilitation and finalization of its report.
ï€ Two (2) hard copies and a soft copy (on CD) of final consultancy report after incorporating comments of workshop experts, stakeholder comments and SLMP review.
G. Payment schedule
The assignment is required to be completed in a period indicated above and mutually agreed by the consultant and the project. The project will make lumpsum payments, subject to the satisfactory approval of the deliverables. Delivery of outputs and payment schedule will be as under:
i. 1st installment (10 %) on submission of methodology and workplan for completion of the assignment including table of contents of the NAP review report.
ii. 2nd installment (20%) on submission of First Draft Report based on the outputs mentioned and the report outlines (table of contents) agreed by the project.
iii. 3rd installment (20%) after submission and approval of 2nd Draft Report.
iv. 4th installment (20%) after holding national validation workshop and preparation of report.
v. 5th installment (30%) subject to the acceptance of the final report.
H. Requirements for Submission of Brief Proposals/Concept Note
The individual consultants will be required to submit their CVs along with a 3-4 pages concept note covering relevant experience, approach/proposed methodology for the study and indicative amount of the consultancy fee in lump-sum, including travel expenses (if involved) for the assignment.
I. Background information and documents
• National Action Program for combating desertification and mitigating impacts of droughts of Pakistan
• Sectoral policies (Agriculture, Environment, Energy, Forest, Water)
• NAPs Implementation Road Map of Kenya
• National Action Program of Australia
• Approved SLMP project document
• PRSP-I, PRSP-II