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Consultant - “Development of Criteria and Indicators (C&I) for

Job Category:
Career Level:
Job Type:
Full Time
Agency / Project:
Posted On:
25 February, 2010
Last Date to apply:
11 March, 2010
Experience in years
2 to 4

He/she should be a subject specialist in his/ her area of expertise with at least 10 – 15 years experience in policy, planning, monitoring and project analysis; should have experience and familiarity with monitoring of projects, assessments of policies, strategies and possess sufficient knowledge of UNFCCC, UNCCD, and land degradation/desertification issues at the national and global levels. Any previous experience in C & I development would be an added advantage.



Drylands covering 80 % of the land area of Pakistan constitute a natural resource capital of immense economic, social, environmental and cultural importance. Presently this natural capital is under severe threat from a combination of climatic, socio-economic and biophysical factors leading to its physical and biological degradation. The consequence of depletion natural capital is land degradation and desertification, which are mainly caused by faulty land use practices, deforestation, overgrazing, excessive irrigation, intensive tillage and cropping. The ultimate affects of land degradation are loss of soil productivity, biological diversity and ecosystem functions and services. Pakistan does not have any monitoring framework at the national and provincial levels to assess future trends of land degradation and its affect on flow of eco-system functions and services.

Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan is implementing of the UNDP, GEF & GOP funded project on “Sustainable Management to Combat Desertification in Pakistan (Phase-I)”. The overall goal of the project is to combat land degradation and desertification in Pakistan in order to protect and restore ecosystems and essential services that are key to reducing poverty. The SLMP Phase-I aims to strengthen institutional capacity, create an enabling environment, and demonstrate best practices to test SLM practices followed by the Phase-II which envisages up-scaling SLM investments over the wider landscape. In order to monitor the impact of land use policies and changes, programs and practices, the Phase-I envisages developing a set of Criteria and Indicators (C&I) for SLM at national and provincial levels through a consultative process involving all stakeholders. 

The C&I will be an important tool not only to monitor viability of SLM interventions, but also to assess their contribution towards ecosystem stability, functions and services as well as economic well-being of the local communities. The C&I will also help in assessing national trends in land conditions and provide a framework for monitoring and evaluation towards sustainability. The role of criteria is to define the essential elements or principles of land management against which the sustainability issues may be assessed. Each criterion relates to a key element of sustainability and may be characterised by one or more related qualitative, quantitative or descriptive indicators. Through the measurement and monitoring of these indicators, the overall effects of land management interventions can be assessed and evaluated, and future action guided accordingly. These C&I will be useful tool for monitoring the effectiveness of national land use policies, strategies, plans and programs.

Pakistan is a party to the UNCCD since 1994 and actively participated in the development of UNCCD 10-Year Strategic Plan (Strategy) which was adopted by the COP8 in Madrid, Spain during September, 2007. As per decision 3/COP8 the Committee on Science and Technology (CST) was requested to advise the COP9 through the CRIC on how to best measure progress on the strategic objectives set forth in the Strategy. Discussions held during the First Special CST Session in Istanbul, Turkey on 5 November 2008 indicated that the future work of the CST regarding this issue should focus on the establishment of the basic set of impact indicators. The CST took into account the core 7 indicators in the CCD Strategy, indicators already in use under the Convention, and existing indicators from the Rio Conventions, Poverty Reduction Strategies Papers, UNDP, UNEP, FAO, GEF and the relevant COP decisions. The CST has recommended minimum set of 11 indicators. Of these 4 focus on the well-being of the affected dryland populations, another 4 address changes in affected ecosystems and three remaining on elements of impact indicators.

Although C & I in the context of SLM have not been developed in many developing countries including Pakistan, some basic elements of C&I do exist in national policies, sectoral strategic papers, plans and programs. With the technical assistance of FAO and other international organizations many countries including Pakistan have developed C & I for Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) which could help to identify trends in the forest sector and the effects of forest management interventions. Like SFM, the ultimate aim of C & I for SLM would be to develop a monitoring framework to promote sustainable land management in Pakistan in order to maintain critical ecosystem functions and services of the land resource.

II. Objective of Study

The main objective of this study is to examine and review literature on C&I for sustainable land management developed by other countries, international organizations and UN agencies. Based on this review, develop a comprehensive background paper including draft C&I for SLM both at national and provincial levels to be validated through broad-based stakeholder consultations.

III. Reporting Responsibilities
The consultant will work under the overall direction and guidance of NPD and NPC with direct reporting to the Coordinator, Policy Reforms at the National Coordination Unit, SLMP. In order to design a comprehensive background paper, the consultant will have to work in close coordination with the SLMP team, Ministry of Food & Agriculture, PARC, Ministry of Livestock, Ministry of Science & Technology, Ministry of Environment, Planning and Development Division and other key stakeholders.

IV. Time Frame and Duration

The total duration of the consultancy will be three months, while the time frame for the assignment is to be mutually agreed between the consultant and the SLMP.

Job Description:

The specific tasks and responsibilities of the Consultant will be as under:

Task I:  Inception meetings, methodology, worklpan, and draft table of contents

This task will include:

 Holding inception meetings with SLMP Project Team at the NCU and concerned persons in Ministry of Food and Agriculture (including PARC) to review (i) the process for conducting study, (ii) identify preliminary background information related to development of C&I for SLM in Pakistan, and (iii) finalize methodology, workplan and draft table of contents for the final study report.

Task II:  Review documents related to C&I for SLM in Pakistan

 Take stock and review of relevant literature and existing C&I for NRM/SLM in Pakistan.

 Define clear cut criteria for SLM in the context of Pakistan after analyzing issues pertaining to management of land resources

 Review implementation of different sectoral policies, plans and projects with successful SLM interventions and identify their performance or impact indicators

 Examine UNCCD, COP and CRIC decisions and identify our national obligations in terms of developing C & I with particular reference to SLM/UNCCD as approved by the COP-9

Task III: Study experiences of other countries, international organizations and UN agencies related to C&I for SLM

 Identify and review relevant C&I for SLM.
 Based on the C&I for SLM and the extent of their relevance to Pakistan, prepare a brief summary report to facilitate stakeholders discussion.

Task IV: Prepare C&I for SLM in Pakistan

 Develop detailed background paper for preparation of national and provincial level C & I for SLM in Pakistan

 Hold consultative meetings with line agencies, Ministries, Research Institutions, NGO’s  to identify and develop a set of C & I for SLM in Pakistan at national and provincial levels

 Develop implementation and monitoring framework for use of these C & I
 Prepare first draft report of C & I for SLM at national and provincial levels in Pakistan and share with the SLMP Team to take their inputs
 Incorporate inputs/feedback from SLMP Team and prepare the second draft of the report

Task V: Seek validation of C&I for SLM in Pakistan from stakeholders at national and provincial levels

 Facilitate 4 Provincial validation workshops for discussing the study findings and taking inputs from key stakeholders including Government agencies and NGOs.

 Present findings of the study to the stakeholders in the workshops for validation of the study report and finalize recommendations.

 Prepare third draft of the report based on input during the stakeholders’ workshops/meetings with SLMP team.

 Facilitate a National validation Workshop for discussing the study findings and taking inputs from key stakeholders including Government agencies and NGOs.

 Present findings of the study to the stakeholders in the national workshop for validation of the study report and finalize recommendations.

 Finalize study report containing national and provincial level C & I for SLM based on input during the stakeholders’ workshop/meetings with SLMP team and submit to SLMP.


I. Outputs/Deliverables
The deliverables include:
 A brief outline (table of contents), methodology, and work plan for the study within two weeks after signing of the contract,
 A hard copy and a soft copy of the Background Paper based on the outputs mentioned above for feed-back from the project.
 Facilitation of consultative workshop and its report.
 A hard and a soft copy of the Draft C & I after incorporating the comments/views of stakeholders.
 National validation workshop facilitation and finalization of workshop report.
 Two (2) hard copies and a soft copy (on CD) of final consultancy report after incorporating comments received in the national validation workshop.

II. Payment Schedule
The assignment is required to be completed in a period indicated above and mutually agreed by the consultant and the project. The project will make lumpsum payments, subject to the satisfactory approval of the deliverables. Delivery of outputs and payment schedule will be as under:
i. 1st installment (10 %) on submission of methodology and workplan for completion of the assignment including table of contents of the study report.
ii. 2nd installment (20%) on submission of Background paper based on the outputs mentioned and the report outlines (table of contents) agreed by the project.
iii. 3rd installment (20%) after holding consultative workshop and submission of draft C & I.
iv. 4th installment (20%) after holding national validation workshop and preparation of report.
v. 5th installment (30%) subject to the acceptance of the final report (C&I).

III. Requirements for Submission of Brief Proposals/Concept Note

The individual consultants will be required to submit their CVs along with a 3-4 pages concept note covering relevant experience, approach/proposed methodology for the study and indicative amount of the consultancy fee in lump-sum, including travel expenses (if involved) for the assignment.

Must Degree Degree Level Country Description
YesMasters DegreeeMasters DegreeMaster’s degree (preferably Ph.D) in the field of Development Economics, Agriculture Economics, Natural Sciences or Social Sciences or a subject closely related to SLM

Must Title Level Description
YesLanguage & Report Writing Never Used   He/she should be fluent in English with excellent writing skills. He/she should have good understanding of the national/regional/local issues as relevant to the subject.  Experience of conducting multi-stakeholder workshops and synthesizing participant inputs.  Excellent computing skills, including MS Word, Excel, Power Point and other relevant skills.