The Himalayan region is susceptible to a whole range of geo-physical and hydro-meteorological hazards. Over the past decades, the already high hazard, risk and vulnerability profile of the region has further exacerbated with increase in incidence of hydro-meteorological disasters due to various factors including the impacts of climate change and variability processes. Outside the polar region, the short-term and long-term impacts are being felt more perceptibly in the Hindu Kush Himalayas (HKH) Region and are already becoming discernible. It underscores the need to address existing and emerging risks posed by hydro-meteorological disasters and to evolve a comprehensive risk reduction strategy. The fact that hazards in the region are bound in a delicate cause and effect relationship and together combine to increase risk also needs to be sufficiently addressed. On the other hand, the risks posed by mountain hazards and vulnerabilities of mountain regions have received inadequate attention amongst disaster risk management practitioners.
The Regional Climate Risk Reduction Project, funded by Directorate General, ECHO and UNDP’s Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (BCPR), aims to address the risks posed by hydro meteorological hazards in the Himalayan Hindukush (HKH) region comprising Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The project is being implemented by BCPR South & South West Asia Office through UNDP Country Offices in these countries with the technical support of the Regional Centre in Bangkok.
The Project aims to assess the impact of hydro-meteorological hazards on mountain communities and the socio-economic infrastructure and help develop a better understanding of the nature, pattern of occurrence, triggers, impacts and trends of hydro-meteorological disasters and their inter-relationship. It also aims to identify risk mitigation and preparedness measures/approaches which can be implemented at community and local administration levels to address the risks posed by hydro-meteorological hazards to the mountain communities.
The project will contribute towards the ongoing support to NDMA through the One UN Disaster Risk Management (DRM) Joint Programme Component (JPC1). The project has been formulated in consultation with key agencies/departments including Gilgit Baltistan Disaster Management Authority (GBDMA), local administrations and other stakeholders in Pakistan. The Project activities will be implemented in selected villages of Gilgit and Astore Districts and would seek to establish a scalable model for replication of the activities and outputs to address similar hydro-meteorological risks in other mountain areas in an integrated manner.
The project aims to devise and implement measures for risk assessment, risk reduction, monitoring and early warning systems, capacity enhancement for disaster preparedness and response at local administration and community levels. The experience and knowledge generated would help develop institutional frameworks and appropriate policies for disaster risk reduction.
In order to support the activities envisaged under the Regional Climate Risk Reduction Project, it is proposed to engage an individual expert to facilitate the following activities:
Preparation of hydro-met disaster data-base:
1. Prepare a data-base of hydro-meteorological disasters in seven districts of GB region including losses and their impacts on lives, livelihoods, health, environment, nutrition, agriculture, education, women, development and socio-economic assets, demographic, occupational and behavioral profile in general etc.
2. Interaction with and documentation of coping strategies including early warning systems, mitigation, preparedness and response measures adopted before and after the event based on the secondary resources available with GB government, AKDN network, Focus-Humanitarian, PRCS, WWF-P and IUCN
3. Conduct desk review of literature and analysis of data
1. Develop database of past Hydro-met disasters in the GB region
2. Prepare a detailed report on the status of existing early warnings systems (EWS) and the impacts of disasters on lives, livelihoods, health, environment, agriculture, education, women, development and socio-economic assets
3. Provide available documentary evidences including official documentation
4. Provide all references including available details as annexure