Pakistan continuously suffers from plethora of natural and man-induced disasters. Despite the country’s vulnerability to cataclysmic disasters, the progress on developing a robust institutional mechanism for disaster risk reduction and preparedness has been less then desirable. Although the government has notified the establishment of a range of institutions at the national, provincial and district levels in the form of Disaster Management Authorities, however, the functionality, effectiveness and ability of these institutions remains a challenge. One of the impediments in this regard is problems associated with resource allocation and their timely release and effective utilization. There seems a disconnect between disaster related data, policy frameworks and budgetary allocations. This situation is compounded by the practice of incremental budget-making that is done in disregard of need assessments and policy commitments.
Generally very meager resources are allocated as Recurrent Budget Lines for disaster risk reduction and related functions of the federal, provincial and district disaster management authorities and other concerned departments; e.g. civil defense, fire services, health, irrigation, works etc. However, huge Block Allocations are made in the wake of disasters for provision of relief and response (including recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction) to the disaster affected populations. Irrespective of block allocations or recurrent budget lines, timely release and smooth flow of funds from one tier or department of government to other remains a serious concern. This further compromises the effective utilization of resource to deal with disaster risks.
In context given above, a study is planned to be undertaken to understand the patterns of budgetary allocation and spending of resources by the Governments of AJ&K, Gilgit-Baltistan and Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) on disaster risk management, and relief and response including recovery/ reconstruction.
The study would cover the period from 1998 to 2008. The ten year data would provide a trend analysis of budget/resource allocations and spending.
Objectives and Scope
The primary objective of the study is to highlight the specific issues in resource allocation and spending on disaster preparedness, risk management, relief and response at the region/state level. The study would highlight the various streams of resources contributing to the overall resource envelope at the given tier, patterns of spending, and bottlenecks.
Based upon the above analysis, the study would also provide policy recommendations to address the issues in resource allocations and public spending on disaster risk management functions of the above-mentioned governments. It is assumed that the results of the study would facilitate a debate about the need for appropriate resource allocation for disaster risk management vis-à-vis allocations for relief and response.
The analysis will be done at the regional / state level covering Azad Jammu & Kashmir (AJ&K), Gilgit-Baltistan and Federally Administred Areas (FATA).
Methodology and sources of data
The study would be conducted through review and analysis of the annual budget allocations, the analysis of past disasters and disaster response work by the respective governments. The literature and data on budgetary allocations and spending upon relief and response will be analyzed from the government sources.
Reporting: Consultants will report to the National Project Manager, One-UN DRM Programme.
Duties & Responsibilities
i. Review of literature, pertinent to disaster preparedness and management, including relevant reports, policies, Acts and frameworks;
ii. Data collection, concerning resource allocation and spending on disaster preparedness and disaster management. Public spending data would be collected covering the period from 1998-2008;
iii. Analysis of public spending on disaster management and disaster preparedness, various streams of resources, and bottlenecks in fiscal flows;
iv. Meetings with relevant officials;
v. Consultation with key stakeholders on draft findings of the report.
• Proficiency in both English and Urdu is desirable