Pakistan continues to suffer from a plethora of natural and human induced hazards that threaten to affect the lives and livelihood of its citizens; e.g. floods, earthquakes, landslides, cyclones and drought, fires, civil unrest and terrorism and transport and industrial accidents.
The nation’s ability to increase its capacity to withstand natural and human induced disasters lies in the adoption of new strategies. Adopting a proactive approach would include disaster risk reduction with regards to particular hazards. Such an approach would be focused at benefiting the most vulnerable segments of population and it would raise the impact of national development strategy on poverty alleviation.
Under the overall umbrella of One UN Disaster Risk Management Program and in partnership with other UN agencies, the UNDP is supporting the Government of Pakistan in establishing policy, legal and institutional arrangements for disaster risk management. The purpose of UNDP support is to develop and strengthen capacities of the Government of Pakistan at national, provincial and local levels to adopt strategies for reducing threat of disasters and minimizing the impact of disaster events upon communities.
The Government of Pakistan has established policy and institutional mechanisms at national, provincial and district levels. A National Disaster Management Ordinance has been issued by the President on 21st of December 2006. Under the Ordinance a National Disaster Management Commission (NDMC) and a National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has been established. The National Commission has notified the provincial, regional and state governments to establish disaster management authorities at provincial and district levels.
However the full operationalization of the Provincial Disaster Management Authorities (PDMAs) remains a challenge. Therefore, in order to develop capacities of the newly established Provincial Disaster Management Authorities, UNDP is working closely with NDMA and other stakeholders including the provincial and district governments, civil society organizations and the at-risk communities.
NDMA intends to capacitate communities in order maximize their coping strategies towards disaster. In general, communities at local level and in particular women children and elderly at village level to alleviate their suffering arising from various types of disasters. Community Based Disaster Management (CBDM) will be integrated in participatory development process. The core objective of this approach will be reducing vulnerability at household level. In the above backdrop, Union Council level preparedness plans will be developed in 3 identified UC in each district of Thatta, Badin and Sialkot. These plans will be encompassing prevailing vulnerabilities, capacity lacuna and desired interventions to mitigation risks and enhance resiliency of local communities.
TERMS OF REFERENCE
The Consultant will be responsible for conducting participatory assessments in identified Union Council and will perform the following tasks:
• Submit a comprehensive framework before starting actual work for approval.
• Conduct introductory meeting with district government and other stakeholders jointly with (NDMA) District DRM Coordinator.
• Identify 15-20 community volunteers having basic understanding of disasters and mitigation.
• Organize training on participatory Hazard, Vulnerability & Capacity Assessment (PHVCA) for identified volunteers.
• Involve trained community volunteers in conducting assessment and developing local level plans and supervise field work.
• Conduct HVCA exercises using different research techniques such as review of secondary data and application of PRA. Separate exercises will be done with men and women considering local norms & values.
• Ensure 100% village wise coverage of UC during assessment.
• A comprehensive Plan of Action for union council will be developed focusing preparedness and mitigation of disaster risk reduction including structural and non-structural measures.