The UNODC Country Office for Pakistan (COPAK) is tasked with assisting Pakistan to better respond to the threat of drugs, crime and terrorism. In order to react in a strategic manner UNODC Pakistan requires the services of a mid-level national consultant to identify the risks/challenges and capacity building needs at Taftan (Pak–Iran border), Chaman (Pak-Afghan border) and Gwadar Sea Port with regards to Pakistani law enforcement agencies..
Baluchistan is the largest province of Pakistan in terms of area. It has three most important border crossing points i.e. Chaman (Pak-Afghan Border), Taftan (Pak-Iran Border) and Mand (Pak-Iran Border). The commercial importance and strategic location of Chaman and Taftan has not only made them important for legitimate trade and passenger traffic but they have also has become a source of attraction for illicit use of the commercial cargo bound for Pakistan, drugs and precursors trafficking, human smuggling and other related issues. Open sources of information reveal a heavy trend of human trafficking of Afghan and Pakistani nationals across Pak-Afghan/Pak-Iran border and into European countries. Intercepted/detained illegal immigrants are officially extradited out of Iran at Taftan border crossing point. Till now no accurate assessment has ever been carried out for these border crossing points with regards to the aforementioned aspects. This lack of information severally hampers the efforts of the Government of Pakistan as well as the International donor agencies willing to counter transnational organized crime (TOC). A recent inauguration of international Container train that runs from Pakistan to Turkey via Iran has enhanced further the requirement to carry out such assessment for the border areas.
Inaugurated in end 2008, the newly established Gwadar port is being envisaged as one of the most important commercial hub for the future. It is currently being used for the bulk cargo only but has a foreseeable role as one of the entry points for the Afghan transit goods, which has made it even more vulnerable with the perspective of Afghan opiate smuggling through Iran, drugs/precursors trafficking and other TOC including terrorism, arms and human trafficking etc. The movement of cargo through Baluchistan into Afghanistan and back is most critical. Again, it is important to note that no previous assessments for Gwadar port have been conducted to assess such future threats.
Chaman, Taftan and Gwadar being far flung areas, the law enforcement officials do not have any access to advanced training courses which hampers working capacity of these officials. The advantages of computer based trainings (CBT) have not yet reached here which are crucial for the capacity building of these agencies. There is a therefore a dire need to support training of government officials through establishment of CBT centres.
In order to have a deep insight into the problem and explore areas of required intervention, UNODC Pakistan is trying to develop a strategy that aims at identifying and assessing the quantum of risks emanating from vulnerable border areas. In this scenario, it is imperative to carry out a comprehensive study of the Chaman, Taftan and Gwadar port, so that the real impact of future challenges/ threats could be quantified. It is envisaged that resources from concerned ongoing projects of UNODC would be utilized for this assessment, namely the Pakistan Border Management Project (PAK/J61), Global Container Control Programme (GLO-G80) and Computer Based Training Project (PAK/I47).
To identify the risks/challenges and capacity building needs at Taftan (Pak–Iran border), Chaman (Pak-Afghan border) and Gwadar Sea Port with regards to Pakistani law enforcement agencies. The management of COPAK will be advised on strategy and the way forward.
The incumbent will work closely with the COPAK colleagues under the supervision of the Representative of the Country Office for Pakistan.
The Consultantwill undertake the following substantive duties and responsibilities:
- Keeping in view the above objectives, prepare:
- A draft report structure.
- A draft report
- Develop (customized) final assessment report
2. Prepare advisory note for each of UNODC’s on-going law enforcement projects (PAK/J61, GLO-G80 and PAK/I47) in close consultation with the COPAK colleagues.
3. Prepare a power-point presentation on the final report and assist in communicating related UNODC plans to internal and external audiences.
1. To identify the existing and foreseeable risks/challenges and capacity building needs faced by the law enforcement agencies at Taftan (Pak–Iran border), Chaman (Pak-Afghan border) and Gwadar port, with regards to drugs/precursors trafficking, human smuggling, weapons/explosive smuggling, movement of terrorists or any other TOC.
2. To study cases/trends related to smuggling of Afghan opiates, drugs/precursor trafficking into/through Pakistan and other TOC including terrorism, weapons/explosive smuggling, terrorism and human trafficking etc.
3. To analyze the existing vulnerabilities/gaps in the government systems, law enforcement agencies and/or local populace, that is/can be exploited by the trans-national criminal groups, with a view to recommending remedial measures.
4. To study the existing psycho-social bondage between the people living on corresponding side of the border to identify potential areas which could be exploited by the trans-national criminal groups/traffickers and /or law enforcement agencies to their respective advantage.
5. To study existing structures, mandates and areas of responsibilities of the law enforcement agencies, with a view to identifying potential stakeholders and their mutual gaps (if any) requiring intervention/improvement.
6. To study weaknesses/vulnerabilities caused due to climate/weather conditions vis-à-vis operating capacity of the law enforcement agencies, with a view to recommending suitable remedy/counter-measures.
7. To study weaknesses/vulnerabilities caused due to terrain configurations and/or natural/man-made features vis-à-vis operating capacity of the law enforcement agencies, with a view to recommending suitable remedy/counter-measures.
8. Carryout a detailed equipment and training needs assessment (including CBT) for the law enforcement agencies generally operating at Taftan (Pak-Iran border), Chaman (Pak-Afghan border) and Gwadar port, categorizing those measures in an order of priority e.g. Priority – I (related to interdiction ability), Priority – II (related to enhancing their inter-agency communication/cooperation and exchange of criminal intelligence) and Priority – III (related to routine operational activities) etc.
9. A detailed assessment of the Gwadar port for profiling of the risky consignment and their timely identification including peculiarities, port operations, institutional capacities, handling of goods/existing controls/risk analysis and profiling, port security and customs-business partnership.
10. Prepare advisory notes to guide the Representative / COPAK to ensure work will be well received by internal and external audiences. Notes need to be concise and clearly structured.
11. Presentation materials and related reports to be used with internal and external audiences including at ‘round table’ and one-on-one consultations/briefings.
Completion of research work will require the consultant to be initially based in Islamabad with the COPAK team. He/she will review documents and interact with concerned ministries/law enforcement agencies and international partners regarding the research work. Appropriate arrangements will be made to facilitate assessment missions to Taftan (Pak–Iran border), Chaman (Pak-Afghan border) and Gwadar port, to be accompanied by concerned COPAK colleagues. COPAK staff will support, guide and direct necessary substantive and administrative inputs. The report to be produced will in part be based on the structure of UNODC report “Enhancing Border Management: Assessment of the Pakistan-China Frontier”.
Planning and Implementation Arrangements
The Consultantwill work closely with the concerned Project Coordinators for law enforcement projects and the Country Representative and have documents approved by them prior to release.
Although the consultantis meant to take all views expressed into account, he/she will have to use his/her independent judgment in preparing documents.
Duration: 3 months, starting March 2010