UNDP is supporting the Government of Pakistan (GoP) in establishing policy, legal and institutional arrangements for Disaster Risk Management (DRM). The purpose of UNDP support is to develop and strengthen capacities of the GoP at national, provincial and local levels to adopt strategies for reducing threat of disasters and minimizing the impact of disaster events upon communities.
The GoP has established policy and institutional mechanisms at national, provincial and district levels. A National Disaster Management Ordinance has been issued in December 2006. Under the Ordinance a National Disaster Management Commission (NDMC) and a National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has been established. The NDMC has notified the provincial, regional and state governments to establish disaster management authorities at provincial and district levels.
In order to develop capacities of the newly established national, provincial and district disaster management authorities, the UNDP is working closely with the NDMA. ‘One UN Disaster Risk Management Joint Programme’ has been signed to support implementation of the National Disaster Risk Management Framework for Pakistan.
Systematic DRM is vital for Pakistan as it has suffered colossal losses due to disasters in the past sixty years. Historically disasters have affected all development sectors by destroying schools, hospitals, roads, telecommunication infrastructure, industries, settlements, housing, agriculture and environment. However, current development practice of various ministries, departments and international donors is not fully considerate about risks posed by natural and human induced hazards. Therefore, important infrastructure is built in locations that are prone to natural hazards; e.g. earthquakes, floods, cyclones and landslides or human induced hazards like urban fires and technological accidents.
To address the above mentioned issues, an important initiative under the ‘One UN DRM Joint Programme’ is to integrate Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) into the development policy and programming of ministries, and departments. The primary objective of the initiative is to ensure that future development programs and projects of selected ministries and donors in disaster prone areas incorporate elements of disaster risk assessment and risk reduction in the planning, design and implementation stages so that sustainable physical and socio-economic development could be achieved by minimizing shocks from disasters. In this regard, a three pronged strategy has been adopted in order to address problem from various angles. It includes Planning Commission of Pakistan, selected ministries/sectors and leading international donors.
For implementation of this initiative, a National Working Group on Disaster Risk Reduction (NWG) has been formed in NDMA, comprising members from the planning commission, 04 selected ministries and lead donors. The selected ministries include Housing and Works, Water and Power, Industries and Production, and Defence. Selected international donors include WB and DFID. Ministerial Working Group (MWG) within each selected ministry has been formed to implement sector specific DRR strategies. Each MWG has drafted Ministerial Strategies on DRR Mainstreaming. NDMA is working with the selected ministries to develop their capacities in incorporating disaster risk assessment and risk reduction in actual design and implementation of development projects based in high risk zones. Assistance is being provided to these ministries for development of technical guidelines on disaster risk assessment and risk reduction of their relevant programs and projects.
3. Water and Power Sector / Ministry of Water and Power
Federal Ministry of Water and Power is looking after all major projects on water resources development and energy production and distribution. As stated by the ministry “in a country like Pakistan, where agriculture continues to form the major plan of national economy and increasing importance is being laid upon industrial development, the need for optimum development of Water and Power resources can not be over-emphasized. Water and Power, hence take high priority in the scheme of things”. Due to water shortages and current energy crisis in the country, this sector has gained high priority; and numerous huge development projects are being launched / implemented. The Ministry is involved in strategic planning in the sector and overall supervision of its two wings i.e. Water and Power. Further, it has following attached authorities / departments:
• Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA)
• Federal Flood Commission (FFC)
• National Power Construction Company (NPCC)
• Private Power and Infrastructure Board (PPIB)
• Karachi Electric Supply Company (KESC)
• Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB)
• National Engineering Services Pakistan (NESPAK)
• Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC)
Budgeted allocations for development projects of the ministry for 2008-09 are Rs: 62,420 million for water, and Rs: 67,680 million for power sector. WAPDA Vision 2025 envisions 769 million UD$ spending for hydro power projects. Development projects implemented in this sector has large impact on economy and in case of any disaster, a massive disruption may occur. DRR strategy could play a significant role by implementing mitigation measures in the development projects in the ministry.
4. Objectives of this Consultancy
The main objectives are to build the capacity of the Ministry on DRM and further to develop the ministry’s specific comprehensive technical guidelines on integration of DRR into development process based on a comprehensive review of current development processes and procedures. The consultant will review and implement the Ministerial Strategy on DRR already developed by the MWG. After analyzing current capacities and gaps in the ministry regarding DRR integration, the consultant will also plan and carry out capacity building activities through training courses and model DRR demo projects. All outputs will be finalized through consultation with the Ministerial as well as the National Working Group on DRR. With the consent of MWG, the consultant will focus on selected / proposed five attached departments / autonomous bodies of the Ministry (WAPDA, FFC, NPCC, PPIB and KESC). The consultants will work in close coordination with Mainstreaming Expert and with the MWG of the ministry and other relevant stakeholders.
The consultant will report to the Mainstreaming Expert, CPRU-UNDP.
The consultant will be responsible to achieve the above stated objectives in consultation with the MWG, Mainstreaming Expert and other relevant stakeholders. The consultant will perform / deliver following specific tasks / activities:
i. Review of Ministerial Strategy on DRR and develop detailed work plan for its implementation;
ii. Propose amendments, if required in the TORs of MWG;
iii. Develop questionnaires / draft letters to collect further required information from the Ministry and its attached departments / autonomous bodies and process the collected information;
iv. Ministry specific detailed ‘Need Assessment Report’ for capacity building on DRR integration, including but not limited to:
a) Functions and mandates of the ministry and its attached departments / autonomous bodies;
b) Study of potential disaster risks posed by various hazards (natural and man-made) both in water and power sector;
c) Review of existing gaps. Review and proposed amendments in the existing project cycle with a view to identify appropriate stages and existing capacity of the Ministry for incorporation of DRR;
d) Ministry’s needs for capacity development on integration of disaster risk assessment and disaster risk reduction with reference to each stage of the project cycle;
e) Suggest modifications in PC formats and development project approval processes and procedures to integrate DRR;
v. Carry out capacity building activities, including development of ministry-specific training material and arranging a training workshops / courses for MWG and other staff of the Ministry, independently / in collaboration with other DRR consultants;
vi. Devise a mechanism / TORs for initial disaster risk assessment of the water and power infrastructure and assets controlled by the Ministry;
vii. Review concept papers for five years development plan / MTDF with a view to incorporate DRR aspects and prepare input statement / sub-chapter for inclusion into such documents for both the water and power sectors:
viii. Develop ‘Technical Guidelines on Integration of DRR in the Ministry of Water and Power’, including but not limited to:
a) Detailed check-list to assess natural/man-made hazard risks to planned and existing physical infrastructure and buildings in water and power sectors;
b) Detailed check-list to identify risks that the planned and existing physical infrastructure and buildings may pose to the environment and people;
c) Mitigation strategies for different types of infrastructure development projects of the ministry;
d) Indicators to measure the implementation of DRR strategies in development projects;
ix. Identify some development projects (on-going and planned) in consultation of MWG for pilot testing of DRR mainstreaming and organize activities and engage relevant professionals for:
a) Disaster risk assessment
b) Detailed technical and financial feasibility for DRR measures and alternates
c) Cost affects to adopt the DRR measures
x. Attend meetings of NWG and MWG
NPM / Mainstreaming Expert may assign any other activity to the consultant with regards to DRR mainstreaming in the ministry.
Proficiency in both English and Urdu is desirable.
• Excellent knowledge of water resources development, hydropower engineering and relevant technologies available in Pakistan for construction of dams, other irrigation and power infrastructure;
• Good understanding of current government policies and development plans on water and power sector;
• Good understanding of Construction / Development Standards (Local and International) being implemented in water and power sector;
• Excellent knowledge of project planning and management process specially in the context of approval and sanctioning procedure of the ministry;
• Sound knowledge of risk assessment, prevailing risk and safety standards, planning standards and mitigation technologies in the context of potential disasters in the country;
• Excellent interpersonal communication skills;
• Ability to coordinate with the relevant development actors in the public and private sector;
• Excellent skills in technical report writing;
• Positive attitude with a mind set of delivering development services in a most professional manner;
UNDP is an equal opportunity employer. Women are encouraged to apply.