UNDP is supporting the Government of Pakistan (GoP) in establishing policy, legal and institutional arrangements for Disaster Risk Management (DRM). The purpose of UNDP support is to develop and strengthen capacities of the GoP at national, provincial and local levels to adopt strategies for reducing threat of disasters and minimizing the impact of disaster events upon communities.
The GoP has established policy and institutional mechanisms at national, provincial and district levels. A National Disaster Management Ordinance has been issued in December 2006. Under the Ordinance a National Disaster Management Commission (NDMC) and a National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has been established. The NDMC has notified the provincial, regional and state governments to establish disaster management authorities at provincial and district levels.
In order to develop capacities of the newly established national, provincial and district disaster management authorities, the UNDP is working closely with the NDMA. ‘One UN Disaster Risk Management Joint Programme’ has been signed to support implementation of the National Disaster Risk Management Framework for Pakistan.
Systematic DRM is vital for Pakistan as it has suffered colossal losses due to disasters in the past sixty years. Historically disasters have affected all development sectors by destroying schools, hospitals, roads, telecommunication infrastructure, industries, settlements, housing, agriculture and environment. However, current development practice of various ministries, departments and international donors is not fully considerate about risks posed by natural and human induced hazards. Therefore, important infrastructure is built in locations that are prone to natural hazards; e.g. earthquakes, floods, cyclones and landslides or human induced hazards like urban fires and technological accidents.
To address the above mentioned issues, an important initiative under the ‘One UN DRM Joint Programme’ is to integrate Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) into the development policy and programming of ministries, and departments. The primary objective of the initiative is to ensure that future development programs and projects of selected ministries and donors in disaster prone areas incorporate elements of disaster risk assessment and risk reduction in the planning, design and implementation stages so that sustainable physical and socio-economic development could be achieved by minimizing shocks from disasters. In this regard, a three pronged strategy has been adopted in order to address problem from various angles. It includes Planning Commission of Pakistan, selected ministries/sectors and leading international donors.
For implementation of this initiative, a National Working Group on Disaster Risk Reduction (NWG) has been formed in NDMA, comprising members from the planning commission, 04 selected ministries and lead donors. The selected ministries include Housing and Works, Water and Power, Industries and Production, and Defence. Selected international donors include WB and DFID. Ministerial Working Group (MWG) within each selected ministry has been formed to implement sector specific DRR strategies. Each MWG has drafted Ministerial Strategies on DRR Mainstreaming. NDMA is working with the selected ministries to develop their capacities in incorporating disaster risk assessment and risk reduction in actual design and implementation of development projects based in high risk zones. Assistance is being provided to these ministries for development of technical guidelines on disaster risk assessment and risk reduction of their relevant programs and projects.
3. Ministry of Communication
Vision of the Federal Ministry of Communication is to achieve National Cohesion and integration through development of sustainable communication infrastructure for Socio-economic uplift of the country by providing enabling environment to facilitate movement of people, goods and services in minimum time and cost.
Ministry of Communications functions as a central policy making and administrative authority on Communications and Transport Sector in the Country. In 1974, Ministry of Railways was attached with it renaming the Ministry as Ministry of Communications and Railways. Railways was separated in later years. In the year 2002, Ministry of Railways was again merged with Ministry of Communications as Division of the Ministry. This arrangement ended in the year 2003. Recently on 2nd September, 2004, Ministry of communications has been bifurcated and Ports & Shipping Wing becoming an independent / new Division.
The main objectives / functions of the Ministry of Communications are:
• Prioritization of development projects and operational activities according to economic, social and strategic needs of the country.
• Provide effective support to the economy.
• Promote international competitiveness of our exports and increase operational effectiveness to meet challenges of globalization.
• Integrate remote areas of the country into the economic mainstream.
• Improve project monitoring and implementation.
• Train and improve quality of human resources.
• Enhance good governance through incentives and disciplinary action.
• Improve values and ethics to build responsive organizations.
• Provide safe and smooth travel on National Highways & Motorways.
• Provide an efficient, reliable and speedy postal service matching the private sector courier services.
• Carry out research on road engineering, building and management.
• Modernize post and provide exemplary service to the public.
• Open up unexplored areas through expanding national roads networks.
The Federal Government has allocated 36,790.56 Million the Ministry of Communications as Development Budget for the financial year 2008-2009. It exercises administrative control over the following Departments / Organizations:
1. National Transport Research Centre
2. National Highway & Motorway Police
3. National Highway Authority
4. Construction Machinery Training Institute
• At least 10 years of accumulated demonstrated experience in development and implementation of technical and policy guidelines for disaster resilient water and power related infrastructure;
• Vast experience in development and implementation of DRR mitigation measures, like flood control, slope stability, disaster resilient water and power infrastructure development, soil erosion management, etc;
• Knowledge of current challenges and issues in water and power sector;
• Extensive field experience, including work with government agencies, or academia in the area of water & power sector development and disaster risk management;
• Demonstrated capacity to independently manage assignments and meet tight deadlines;
4. Objectives of this Consultancy
The main objectives are to build the capacity of the Ministry on DRM and further to develop the ministry’s specific comprehensive technical guidelines on integration of DRR into its development process based on a comprehensive review of current processes and procedures. The consultant will develop and implement the Ministerial Strategy on DRR in coordination with MWG. After analyzing current capacities and gaps in the ministry regarding DRR integration, the consultant will also plan and carry out capacity building activities through training courses and model DRR demo projects. All outputs will be finalized through consultation with the Ministerial as well as the National Working Group on DRR. With the consent of MWG, the consultant will focus on selected / proposed five attached departments / autonomous bodies of the Ministry. However NHA must be focused for this initiative. The consultants will work in close coordination with Mainstreaming Expert and with the MWG of the ministry and other relevant stakeholders.
The consultant will report to the Mainstreaming Expert, CPRU-UNDP.
The consultant will be responsible to achieve the above stated objectives in consultation with the MWG, Mainstreaming Expert and other relevant stakeholders. The consultant will perform / deliver following specific tasks / activities:
i. Develop and Review of Ministerial Strategy on DRR and develop detailed work plan for its implementation;
ii. Propose amendments, if required in the TORs of MWG;
iii. Develop questionnaires / draft letters to collect further required information from the Ministry and its attached departments / autonomous bodies and process the collected information;
iv. Ministry specific detailed ‘Need Assessment Report’ for capacity building on DRR integration, including but not limited to:
a) Functions and mandates of the ministry and its attached departments / autonomous bodies;
b) Study of potential disaster risks posed by various hazards (natural and man-made) both in water and power sector;
c) Review of existing gaps. Review and proposed amendments in the existing project cycle with a view to identify appropriate stages and existing capacity of the Ministry for incorporation of DRR;
d) Ministry’s needs for capacity development on integration of disaster risk assessment and disaster risk reduction with reference to each stage of the project cycle;
e) Suggest modifications in PC formats and development project approval processes and procedures to integrate DRR;
v. Carry out capacity building activities, including development of ministry-specific training material and arranging a training workshops / courses for MWG and other staff of the Ministry, independently / in collaboration with other DRR consultants;
vi. Devise a mechanism / TORs for initial disaster risk assessment of the water and power infrastructure and assets controlled by the Ministry;
vii. Review concept papers for five years development plan / MTDF with a view to incorporate DRR aspects and prepare input statement / sub-chapter for inclusion into such documents for both the water and power sectors:
viii. Develop ‘Technical Guidelines on Integration of DRR in the Ministry of Water and Power’, including but not limited to:
a) Detailed check-list to assess natural/man-made hazard risks to planned and existing physical infrastructure and buildings in water and power sectors;
b) Detailed check-list to identify risks that the planned and existing physical infrastructure and buildings may pose to the environment and people;
c) Mitigation strategies for different types of infrastructure development projects of the ministry;
d) Indicators to measure the implementation of DRR strategies in development projects;
ix. Identify some development projects (on-going and planned) in consultation of MWG for pilot testing of DRR mainstreaming and organize activities and engage relevant professionals for:
a) Disaster risk assessment
b) Detailed technical and financial feasibility for DRR measures and alternates
c) Cost affects to adopt the DRR measures
x. Attend meetings of NWG and MWG
NPM / Mainstreaming Expert may assign any other activity to the consultant with regards to DRR mainstreaming in the ministry.
Proficiency in both English and Urdu is desirable. Ability to speak and understand the local language would be an added advantage.
• Excellent knowledge of development of communication infrastructure, road / highway engineering and relevant technologies available in Pakistan for construction of road / highway / motorway and allied infrastructure;
• Good understanding of current government policies and development plans on communication sector;
• Good understanding of Construction / Development Standards (Local and International) being implemented in communication / road construction sector;
• Excellent knowledge of project planning and management process specially in the context of approval and sanctioning procedure of the ministry;
• Sound knowledge of risk assessment, prevailing risk and safety standards, planning standards and mitigation technologies in the context of potential disasters in the country;
• Excellent interpersonal communication skills;
• Ability to coordinate with the relevant development actors in the public and private sector;
• Excellent skills in technical report writing;
• Positive attitude with a mind set of delivering development services in a most professional manner;
UNDP is an equal opportunity employer. Women are encouraged to apply.