Pakistan continues to suffer from a plethora of natural and human induced hazards e.g. floods, earthquakes, landslides, cyclones and drought, fires, civil unrest and terrorism and transport and industrial accidents. The nation’s ability to increase its capacity to withstand natural and human induced disasters lies in the adoption of new strategies. Adopting a proactive approach would include disaster risk reduction with regards to particular hazards. Such an approach would be focused at benefiting the most vulnerable segments of population and it would raise the impact of national development strategy on poverty alleviation.
Under the One-UN Joint Disaster Risk Management Programme the UNDP is supporting the Government of Pakistan in establishing policy, legal and institutional arrangements for disaster risk management. The purpose of UNDP support is to develop and strengthen capacities of the Government of Pakistan at national, provincial and local levels to adopt strategies for reducing threat of disasters and minimizing the impact of disaster events upon communities.
The Government of Pakistan has established policy and institutional mechanisms at national, provincial and district levels under the National Disaster Management Ordinance 2006 which, among other critical aspects, puts great emphasis on establishing disaster management authorities at the provincial and district levels. Though the Provincial Disaster Management Authorities (PDMAs) have been established yet their functionality and operationalization remains a challenge.
Similarly, the District Disaster Management Authorities (DDMAs), which are rightly considered to be the core of disaster risk management at local level, have also yet to be established. NDMA is putting together its efforts through respective provincial governments for the establishment and effectiveness of DDMAs.
The ultimate goal of any activities for disaster preparation, mitigation and response is to reduce the actual impact of hazards on communities: in Pakistan a large gap exists between existing early warning practices, community preparedness and response capacity. Future interventions will need to support these essential aspects of Disaster Risk Management, starting from the most vulnerable communities and fostering the “vertical” spread of a DRM culture among Government and civil society actors.
Most DRM initiatives are ineffective without the understanding and support of stakeholders, donors and partners. Most crucial is understanding of the general public especially women. There is a lack of easily understandable and risk reduction focused training materials for women. This hinders the capacity development efforts as well as the institutionalization of CBDRM. Training manuals on CBDRM, developed by NDMA in collaboration with UNDP, need to be further complemented with examples and best practices considering the level of education and exposure among grassroots level women.
For the accomplishment of above mentioned overall task, the Consultant will be responsible to perform the following:
- Preliminary visit of some selected districts to understand and briefly outlining the social dynamics and prevailing vulnerabilities of the area.
- Conduct meetings with women groups including district officials, working women of urban and rural areas to assess the level of their understanding about disasters and their preparedness / mitigation.
- Document briefly the indigenous coping mechanisms and role of women in local level preparedness and mitigation activities.
- Identify immediate training requirements for women on disaster risk management.
- Develop draft of training manual and related education material ( 3-4 flyers) focussing women at local level.
- Get feedback of concerned stakeholder and refine the draft
- Submit a comprehensive DRM manual focussing women’s role in DRM.