Pakistan continues to suffer from a plethora of natural and human induced hazards that threaten to affect the lives and livelihood of its citizens; e.g. floods, earthquakes, landslides, cyclones and drought, fires, civil unrest and terrorism and transport and industrial accidents.
The nation’s ability to increase its capacity to withstand natural and human induced disasters lies in the adoption of new strategies. Adopting a proactive approach would include disaster risk reduction with regards to particular hazards. Such an approach would be focused at benefiting the most vulnerable segments of population and it would raise the impact of national development strategy on poverty alleviation. Under the overall umbrella of One UN Disaster Risk Management Program and in partnership with other UN agencies, the UNDP is supporting the Government of Pakistan in establishing policy, legal and institutional arrangements for disaster risk management. The purpose of UNDP support is to develop and strengthen capacities of the Government of Pakistan at national, provincial and local levels to adopt strategies for reducing threat of disasters and minimizing the impact of disaster events upon communities. The Government of Pakistan has established policy and institutional mechanisms at national, provincial and district levels. A National Disaster Management Ordinance has been issued by the President on 21st of December 2006. Under the Ordinance a National Disaster Management Commission (NDMC) and a National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has been established. The National Commission has notified the provincial, regional and state governments to establish disaster management authorities at provincial and district levels.
However the full operationalization of the Provincial Disaster Management Authorities (PDMAs) remains a challenge. Therefore, in order to develop capacities of the newly established Provincial Disaster Management Authorities, UNDP is working closely with NDMA and other stakeholders including the provincial and district governments, civil society organizations and the at-risk communities. Operationalization of District Disaster Management Authorities is a challenging task and it can not be achieved with making appropriate institutional arrangements like community organizations and networking at local level. Emergence of local networks after the catastrophe of 2005 earthquake really helped district government to achieve desired results at local level. Further, coordination among various stakeholders also helps to avoid duplication of efforts and waste of resources. This could only be possible when these district governments will develop strong coordination mechanisms with multi-disciplinary stakeholders focussingly working on mitigation and preparedness within the periphery of the said districts. In this backdrop, an intervention of establishing DRM network has identified to strengthen the support mechanism for district governments. Though there are some experiences of establishing district coordination committees or network in post 2005 earthquake in NWFP and AJ&K but these institutions were time bound or were limited in their scope.
The Consultant will be responsible to develop framework and operational strategy of DRM network and will perform the following tasks:
- Assessment of existing DRM networks (Muzaffarabad & Mansehra) including their operational mechanism, resource base, membership etc.
- Conduct meeting with different stakeholders including district officials, DDMA focal persons, NGOs, Red Crescent and community representatives.
- Develop draft of operational strategy including objectives, structure, TORs, functions, resource plan & future plans.
- Organize consultative meeting in one selected district to get feedback on the draft for finalization.
- Submit a comprehensive DRM operational strategy