The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan was adopted in 1973. Many of the rights in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), the International Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD), the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) – the core international human rights instruments, are protected in the Constitution, both under the “Fundamental rights” and the “Principles of Policy”.
Recently, a Human Rights Ministry has been formed to coordinate the human rights agenda in Pakistan. UNDP is partnering with the Ministry of Human Rights for a year long intervention to support the following two objectives;
· Capacity development of Ministry of Human Rights to play the envisage policy and coordinating role to promote compliance with national and international Human Rights related commitments and obligations;
· A draft national human rights Action Plan is developed with consensus that clearly identifies roles, responsibilities and actions of national stake holder including Ministry of Human Rights and proposed NCHR;
Historically, in Pakistan the problems are caused by a number of factors including insufficient system and coordination mechanism for national institutions dealing with protection and encouragement of human rights. Thus, as of now the culture and ideology of human rights has not become an important factor in behavior in public institutions and citizens despite the many constitutional provisions
It is important to engage with the momentum created within the Government for human rights work, there are relevant reasons to have a rather detailed initiation stage before launching in to a full-fledge programme.
· Provide possible solutions for developing and institutionalizing measures to review and harmonized national policies and legislation standards and commitments;
· Conduct consultative forums with government agencies and develop a Strategic Human Rights Action Plan for the Ministry of Human Rights;
· Conduct consultative events for the proposal for indigenous mechanism as part of policy/ law;
· Conduct citizen’s audit for at least two HR agreements signed/ratified by Pakistan. Consultation on international agreements on Human Rights issues, HR networks and with State and Non State Partners;
· Conduct Workshops and Focused Group Discussion (FGDs)on human rights related issues at national and sub-national levels and to provide recommendations on development of Indigenous mechanism (including legal clinics) for supporting and monitoring status of compliance with international obligations;
· Provide Research Agenda on Human rights issues
· Provide a set of legislative and analytical materials for dissemination. Desk review of HR complications/ statistics/ publications with the large civil society government and other Stakeholders.
· Conduct survey/ citizen audit
· Provide National Human Rights Action Plan with background papers and undertake consultation on draft plan with stakeholders
Results and deliverables
1. A work plan on National Human Rights Action Plan
2. Analyze compatibility of institutional mandate with programme objectives and assess suitability of the organizations as potential partner
3. Brush up to harmonize national policy and legislation with regional and international human rights norms standards and commitments
4. Develop Information Management System and Communication Strategy for the Ministry of Human Rights
5. A draft for the National Human Rights action plan with clearly identifies roles responsibilities and actions for national stakeholders.
6. Recommendations for the next phase/ for “the way forward”
The HR Advisor will visit the organizations, government agencies and engage in (half day) consultations with the relevant personnel. S/he will conduct consultative forums with government agencies, conduct workshops and FGDs on human rights related issues at national and sub-national levels. Provide research agenda on Human rights issues, legislative and analytical materials for dissemination. Conduct survey/ citizen/ stakeholders audit for at least two HR agreements signed ratified by Pakistan.