Pakistan continues to suffer from a plethora of natural and human induced hazards that threaten to affect the lives and livelihood of its citizens; e.g. floods, earthquakes, landslides, cyclones and drought, fires, civil unrest and terrorism and transport and industrial accidents. The Climate Change and related disaster risks have added an additional dimension to the task of development planners. The nation’s ability to increase its capacity to withstand natural and human induced disasters lies in the adoption of new strategies. Adopting a proactive approach would include disaster risk reduction with regards to particular hazards. Such an approach would be focused at benefiting the most vulnerable segments of population and it would raise the impact of national development strategy on poverty alleviation.
The country lacks a systematic approach towards disaster risk management. Provinces reflect diverse capacities to respond for reasons of institutional capacities, ability for integrated contingency planning and resource inadequacy for emergency response. However, all provinces do undertake detailed pre-disaster response planning with armed forces that play a key role especially in floods. Simultaneously UN agencies and international NGOs actively participate in the contingency planning process in concert with NDMA at National Level. However to analyse potential hazards with regards to their possible humanitarian impact and consequences requires a common strategic planning framework for all stakeholders to identify clear objectives, roles and responsibilities. The lack of hazard specific contingency planning to encounter the potential threats remains a major gap and even the districts and regions that have suffered from frequent hazards don’t have contingency plans, except few. UNDP continues to emphasise upon the contingency process as a preparedness measure for response to natural and human induced hazards. The main purpose is to focus on planning for the impending disasters to identify and analyze related risks for their humanitarian impact, and to define roles and responsibilities of diverse national stakeholders for preparedness and response.
Therefore under the overall umbrella of One UN Disaster Risk Management Program and in partnership with other UN agencies, the UNDP is supporting the Government of Pakistan in establishing policy, legal and institutional arrangements for disaster risk management. The purpose of UNDP support is to develop and strengthen capacities of the Government of Pakistan at national, provincial and local levels to adopt strategies for reducing threat of disasters and minimizing the impact of disaster events upon communities.
The National Contingency Planning Expert report to the National Project Manager UNDP-CPRU.
Duties and Responsibilities:
The expert will lead a team of experts i.e. Seismologist, Tsunami expert (oceanographer), Structural Engineer, Mass Casualty Expert
Hydro – Meteorological Expert and Agricultural expert to deliver following:
• Review existing contingency plans, historical records frequency of hazard occurrence and determine corresponding humanitarian caseloads for earthquakes, tsunami, droughts, cyclones and mass-casualty.
• Map resources for response in various disasters and identify deficiencies.
• Define sectoral response strategies, plans and coordination measures
• Analyze & study prevalent contingency planning formats and procedures through involving relevant stakeholders.
• Define standardized contingency planning concepts, procedures and formats at national level in line with international best practices.
• Share the standardized contingency planning formats with national provincial and district authorities in order to achieve consensus of all stakeholders including; e.g. civil, military, international organizations, united nations, private sector etc.
• Develop relevance of standardized contingency planning formats with disaster occurrence and existing response capacities.
• Carry out contingency planning for earthquake, drought, tsunami & cyclones, and mass casualty situations contingency by involving relevant scientific and government departments including NDMA, and Provincial Disaster Management Authorities
• Carry out training of selected government official from NDMA, provinces and disaster vulnerable districts on new contingency planning formats