Following the devastation caused to lives, property and environment by the 8th October 2005 earthquake, the Government of Pakistan moved quickly and in February 2006 announced, as a first step, the establishment of National Disaster Management Authority for the development of comprehensive disaster risk management system, in the country.
The Government also established ERRA for the reconstruction and rehabilitation of the earthquake affected areas. ERRA is engaged in a massive multi sector reconstruction programme in the affected areas. With the reconstruction work progressing in full swing, it is the responsibility of ERRA to build the capacities of the community so that Disaster Risk Reduction is built into all sectors of reconstruction and to protect the infrastructure from destruction in any future disaster event, thus saving the development gains from erosion. At the same time there is a complete sensitization on the part of the communities as they are still experiencing the process to recovering from the devastation caused by the October 2005 earthquake. The situation presents a unique opportunity to ERRA for implementing a comprehensive programme on disaster risk management in these areas.
Project Framework - General Approach
1. The project will address disaster risk management issues in the high risk Earthquake Affected Areas of NWFP and AJK. The project seeks to address the five priority areas of HFA by strengthening the capacity of the government institutions and local community on disaster risk management, based on appropriate preparedness, mitigation and post disaster recovery.
Main Objectives of the Programme
- Provide hazard and risk maps and other related information to district authorities. These documents serve as indispensable basis for mainstreaming of disaster risks reduction and any type of awareness and capacity building on local levels (i.e. they are the basis for objectives 2 and 3).
- Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction in district and tehsil planning processes in order to prevent the further build-up of risks through risk-conscious investments and activities and to better respond to disasters trough effective preparedness.
- Provide awareness and capacity building in disaster risk management on community level to render local communities disaster resilient.
The Programme looks at engaging a GIS expert for management of spatial data, producing maps, development of web-based information management etc.
The GIS expert will report to the Disaster Risk Reduction Advisor ERRA. He will work closely with the Chief Technical Advisor, who will be hired for providing expert technical guidance in effective implementation of the project.
3. Duties and Responsibilities
- Gather relevant data and information from key organizations in Pakistan; e.g. Pakistan Met Dept, Geological Survey of Pakistan, Federal Flood Commission, WAPDA, SUPARCO, and UN etc.. In this regard the GIS Expert will have to work closely with other experts on seismology, hydrology, drought, landslide, and engineering/ architecture.
- Actively search for maps, satellite imagery of the areas concerned and provide necessary topographic basis for mapping exercise
- As a member of the technical group, provide geospatial support in hazard and vulnerability assessments and develop different GIS maps upon the assessment done by the hazard experts.
- Work closely with scientific organisations in order to agree on the scope of hazard and risk mapping (develop common understanding and methodology).
- Provide spatial and analytical information that can be used to assess the vulnerability of target areas based on previous natural disaster events, population, infrastructure, communications, etc
- Present results of research in appropriate forums, during the project duration as required and requested;
- Seek feedback from stakeholders about research results and make appropriate modifications as necessary;
- Any other assignments related to assessments and mapping and programme related issues.