With the transition phase from relief to recovery and reconstruction currently underway, the Government is gearing up to develop a reconstruction implementation strategy as well as to initiate coordination mechanisms for the early recovery phase. The implementation of the pledges of USD 6.2 billions by various donors is an unprecedented undertaking for all the partners involved in recovery and reconstruction efforts and the need for strategic planning, effective coordination support and information dissemination has become paramount.
The UNDP coordination efforts shall contribute to this effort by supporting a coherent response in the arenas of residual relief, recovery and rehabilitation. UNDP initiatives will provide UN-wide advice and support to the Government on issues related to transition from relief to recovery, reconstruction and rehabilitation, and donor coordination.
On 8 October 2005 an earthquake measuring 7.6 devastated the northern regions of Pakistan killing thousands of people and destroying public and private infrastructures and bringing economic activity to a virtual stop. The area affected measures about 30,000 sq km2 and is home to about 3.5 million people. According to national figures, 500,000 families have been affected that is, approximately 14% of the region’s population, 70% of houses were destroyed and 30% damaged. The earthquake resulted in loss of about 73,000 souls with some 70,000 injured. It has been the worst natural disaster that has ever impacted Pakistan in its history.
About 72,000 acres of forest have been damaged in NWFP and 372,259 acres in AJK respectively. These severe damages have resulted in contributing to massive landslides during the monsoon season and during aftershocks. Large scale reconstruction will impose another threat to the environment without proper management. The implementation of the Environmental Strategy by all stake holders is a key responsibility. This task requires both hardware and software components to address the following interventions:
ï‚§ Immediate interventions (environmental assessment and safe disposal of waste generated due to relief activity)
ï‚§ Short Term interventions (solid waste management and debris removal)
ï‚§ Medium Term Interventions (mainstreaming environment safeguards in all reconstruction activities)
ï‚§ Long Term Interventions (NRM, slope stabilization, reforestation and improved watersheds)
The 8th October earthquake has generated an enormous amount of debris in the shape of collapsed buildings and other infrastructure. The inappropriate disposal of debris is a major threat to environment and livelihood. The “Environmental Recovery Programme for the Earthquake Affected Areas” aims at managing the waste generated due to the earthquake and subsequent relief activities, and creating awareness about waste management and recycling of waste/debris for its use in the reconstruction of houses and other infrastructure. The Program also aims to mitigate land slide risk through engineering and bioengineering measures and introduce integrated forestry, natural resource management and livelihood support activities. The Programme has jointly been developed by the UNDP and UNEP, in close consultation with Ministry of Environment and ERRA. UNEP will provide technical advisory role/support during programme implementation. UNEP has already delivered a round of workshops on waste management, and the Programme will built upon its further activities on the assessments and ground work already completed by UNEP.
2. Duties and Responsibilities
The Waste/Debris Management Officer will work under the direct supervision of the Project Manager (Waste/Debris Management), and will be responsible for:
i. providing assistance in the development of a framework for creation of sustainable waste management to be implemented by the international and/or local NGOs;
ii. Undertaking project activities in close collaboration with the counterparts, local authorities, line departments, and contractors, in the earthquake affected areas;
iii. providing assistance in conducting the training workshops on waste management for different stakeholders for sharing framework documents and guidelines for use by the government, multilateral and bilateral agencies and NGOs;
iv. assisting in planning and conducting debris assessments in the earthquake affected districts and for placing a system for debris/waste management;
v. assisting and arranging installation of crushing plants through private sector at various suitable locations for recycling and reuse of debris;
vi. coordinating with the local counterparts, local governments and other institutions at the district level in the restoration and development of local government waste management systems, design and construction of interim and permanent landfills for debris removal, and for improving the disposal of municipal & earthquake generated waste;
vii. monitoring and managing field activities and providing necessary technical support and feed back;
viii. Ensure close liaison and participation of all the project stakeholders including government departments, NGOs, other similar programme and projects being implemented by UNDP and other agencies in the project area for building synergies and sharing information;
ix. providing input for preparation of contracts, project implementation plan, regular updates on progress implementation and preparing different monitoring and field activity reports.