The Consultant will review the trade transaction analysis developed earlier under TTFP and identify the slowest tasks in the process; that is, having the tasks with the slowest throughput rate or longest cycle time.
The Consultant should identify some of the ways that processes can be improved, for example:
Â· Add additional resources to increase capacity of the bottleneck.
Â· Improve the efficiency of the bottleneck activity - increases process capacity.
Â· Move work away from bottleneck resources where possible - increases process capacity.
Â· Increase availability of bottleneck resources.
Â· Minimize non-value adding activities - decreases cost, reduces lead time. Non-value adding activities include transport, rework, waiting, testing and inspecting, and support activities.
Â· Flexibility can be improved by outsourcing certain activities. Flexibility also can be enhanced by postponement, which shifts customizing activities to the end of the process.
A preliminary cost-benefit estimate should be performed to determine if a process change is worth the investment. If the change appears to have merit, more detailed studies will be carried out subsequently to determine whether an â€śimprovementâ€ť in the export process is really is an improvement.
In conducting this assessment, the Consultant will work under the technical direction of the UNCTAD Chief Technical Adviser and will be responsible for providing a report to Pakistanâ€™s National Trade and Transport Facilitation Committee (NTTFC).
The end-product of this short-term consultancy is a detailed report entitled: â€śExpediting Exports: Opportunities for Improving the Efficiency of Pakistanâ€™s Export Trade.â€ť The Consultant will submit a mid-term report on 1 July 2005. The final report and accompanying PowerPoint slides shall be due at the end of the assignment. The Consultant will be expected to make a presentation of the results to the National Trade and Transport Facilitation Committee or to the Ministry of Commerce.