1. The Context
UNDP is supporting the Government of Pakistan (GoP) in establishing policy, legal and institutional arrangements for Disaster Risk Management (DRM). The purpose of UNDP support is to develop and strengthen capacities of the GoP at national, provincial and local levels to adopt strategies for reducing threat of disasters and minimizing the impact of disaster events upon communities.
The GoP has established policy and institutional mechanisms at national, provincial and district levels. A National Disaster Management Ordinance has been issued in December 2006 which is now an Act of Parliament 2010. Under the Act a National Disaster Management Commission (NDMC) and a National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has been established. The NDMC has notified the provincial, regional and state governments to establish disaster management authorities at provincial and district levels.
Systematic DRM is vital for Pakistan as it has suffered colossal losses due to disasters in the past sixty years. Historically disasters have affected all development sectors by destroying schools, hospitals, roads, telecommunication infrastructure, industries, settlements, housing, agriculture and environment. However, current development practices of various Ministries, Departments and International Donors are not fully considerate about risks posed by natural and human induced hazards. Therefore, important infrastructure is built in locations that are prone to natural hazards; e.g. earthquakes, floods, cyclones and landslides or human induced hazards like urban fires and technological accidents.
To address the above mentioned issues, an important initiative under the ‘One UN DRM Joint Programme’ is to integrate Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) into the development policy and programming of Ministries, and Departments. The primary objective of the initiative is to ensure that future development programs and projects of selected Ministries and donors in disaster prone areas incorporate elements of disaster risk assessment and risk reduction in the planning, design and implementation stages so that sustainable physical and socio-economic development could be achieved by minimizing shocks from disasters. In this regard, a three pronged strategy has been adopted in order to address problem from various angles.
For implementation of this initiative, a National Working Group on Disaster Risk Reduction (NWG) has been formed in NDMA, comprising members from selected Ministries and lead donors. The Ministries directly dealt by UNDP include P&D (Planning Commission), Housing and Works, Water and Power, Industries and Production, Defence and Communication. MWG within each Ministry has been formed to implement sector / Ministry-specific DRR Strategies. NDMA is working with these Ministries to develop their capacities in incorporating disaster risk assessment and risk reduction in actual design and implementation of their development projects based in high risk zones. Assistance is being provided to these Ministries for development of technical guidelines on disaster risk assessment and risk reduction of their relevant programs and projects.
2. Planning Commission
Planning Commission (PC) is the highest body in the country to formulate national policy document (Vision 2030) development plans; such as Medium Term Development Framework 2005-10 (MTDF 2005-10), and Annual Development Programme (ADP). PC is responsible for review and approval of all development projects submitted by federal/provincial ministries and their subsidiary departments. All ministries develop projects using the formats PC – I to PC – V issued by the PC. Project monitoring and evaluation is also undertaken as per these formats. Therefore, it would be very useful to work with the PC to incorporate disaster risk assessment and disaster reduction provisions in the project design, formulation, monitoring and evaluation stages which are monitor by the formats PC – I to V. PC mainly categorizes projects into infrastructure, social and production sectors. PC has already circulated 3 DRR Check-lists for its 3 broad development sectors. Several other activities have been conducted and many are planned.
3. Housing and Works Sector
Federal Ministry of Housing and Works looks after all the sectoral activities at national level whereas line departments play their role in the provinces. The concerned organizations are responsible for acquisition and development of sites as well as construction and maintenance of Government buildings and private developments. National Housing Policy, Building Code, Schedule of Rates for civil works; and to some extent following guidelines of FIDIC (International Federation of Consulting Engineers) have been formulated at national level. The sector deals with large housing projects; Office Accommodations/Buildings; Educational Institutional Buildings; Development of Site and Services Schemes etc. The Ministry has following attached departments and autonomous bodies:
- National Housing Authority (NHA)
- Pakistan Housing Authority (PHA)
- Pakistan Public Works Department (Pak-PWD)
- National Construction Company (NCC)
- Estate Office Management (EOM)
- Federal Government Employees Housing Foundation (FGEHF)
For the purpose of this consultancy, focused would be on attached organizations (as per the already evolved DRR Strategy) will be targeted on priority basis during this phase of the project.
1. Objectives of this Consultancy
The main objective is to develop the technical capacity of the Planning Commission for incorporation of DRR element to all of its development and monitoring instruments like Development Plans and PC Formats. Further, the Consultant would particularly focus on Housing and Works sector. To achieve broader objective, Ministerial Strategies on DRR Mainstreaming for Planning Commission and Housing & Works has been chalked out. Under one UN DRM work plan, there are certain activities to be implemented. Accordingly revision of the existing PC – I to V forms shall be suggested by the DRR Consultant. Similarly, in development plans, DRR context and element would be suggested and added. Further capacity building activities include training courses / seminars, workshops for staff and provincial departments as per the strategies. All he outputs are to be finalized through consultation with the MWGs as well as the NWG. Few on-going and completed development projects would be selected for DRR assessment and implementation of mitigation measures.
The DRR Consultant will report to the DRR Mainstreaming Expert.
The DRR Consultant will continue with the already initiated work on DRR mainstreaming in the PC and Housing & Works sectors. The Consultant will perform / deliver following tasks / activities as per the work plan and available budget:
i. Time and again review of Ministerial Strategies on DRR and associated work plan / TORs;
ii. Enrichment / final compilation of Sector-specific ‘Need Assessment Report’ for capacity building on DRR integration, including but not limited to:
iii. Carry out capacity building activities, including development of training material and arranging training courses / workshops / Seminars;
iv. Conduct consultation workshops / training courses / seminar / consultation meetings on Ministerial Strategies, revision of development project formats (PC – I to V) and development documents like Five Year Plan, MTDF, Annual Development Plan in collaboration with other DRR DRR Mainstreaming Officers and other ministries;
v. Devise strategy for implementation of DRR Check-list in all development sectors;
vi. Revise development project formats (PC – I to V) to integrate DRR as a core component;
vii. Review concept papers for five years development plan / MTDF with a view to incorporate DRR aspects;
viii. Attend meetings of NWG and MWGs;
National Project Manager / DRR Mainstreaming Expert may assign any other duty to the DRR Consultant with regards to DRR mainstreaming in the Planning Commission and Housing & Works Sectors.