The October 2005 earthquake highlighted the risk exposure and vulnerability of Pakistan and its inadequacy to deal with emergency and disaster response. The resources that existed were largely unable to deal with the collapsed Margalla Towers in Islamabad and hundreds of other structures across the earthquake zone. Pakistan depended heavily on the international search and rescue agencies for rescuing people trapped under the rubble.
Natural and human-made disasters are increasing and so is their intensity. Together with the ever-growing threat from terrorist activities world-wide, the need for modern specialist search and rescue skills has also increased.
In Pakistan, capacity in preparedness and response capacities at community level is low. For more complex emergency response, The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has created two Heavy and one Medium Urban Search and Rescue (HUSAR) teams along with compliment of dog search teams in Islamabad and Karachi to respond to disasters.
The Northern Areas of Pakistan remain cut off from the rest of Pakistan from November to May. This aspect makes this area vulnerable in case of a disaster as the current HUSAR teams may not be able to access the disaster area. Therefore it is important to build local capacity in search and rescue. NDMA intends to establish medium search and rescue teams, one each in Gilgit and Chitral and provide them with latest equipment.
One UN DRM Programme requires the services of lead facilitator/Master trainer to train medium Urban Search and Rescue team in Chitral
Tasks and Responsibilities:
· Identify and select the team members in consultation with NDMA and District Governments.
· Make preparations for the training (including review of equipment, venue etc)
· Develop comprehensive training course manual in Urdu/local language for the participants
· Carryout detailed training of the team members on technical search and rescue spanning over 08 weeks covering surface and sub surface rescue, water rescue, repelling, firefighting, medical first response and any other technique related to USAR.
· Provide technical advice/supervise the construction of practice rubble field.
· Evaluate the skills attained by team members after the training.
· Facilitate in drafting and signing of MOU with local authorities regarding the hand over and functioning of the USAR team.
· Develop SOPs for the mobilization of team and getting them approved from relevant authorities.
· Assist in hiring the services of Master Trainers (training team) to train communities in disaster risk management, including hazard awareness basic search and rescue, emergency first aid, fire fighting and evacuation will be acquired on short term basis whenever required.
· Submit bimonthly progress reports and final progress report.