UNDP is supporting the Government of Pakistan (GoP) in establishing policy, legal and institutional arrangements for Disaster Risk Management (DRM). The purpose of UNDP support is to develop and strengthen capacities of the GoP at national, provincial and local levels to adopt strategies for reducing threats of disasters and minimizing the impact of disaster events upon communities.
The GoP has established policy and institutional mechanisms at national, provincial and district levels. A National Disaster Management Ordinance has been issued in December 2006. Under the Ordinance a National Disaster Management Commission (NDMC) and a National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has been established. The NDMC has notified the provincial, regional and state governments to establish disaster management authorities at provincial and district levels.
In order to develop capacities of the newly established national, provincial and district disaster management authorities, the UNDP is working closely with the NDMA. ‘One UN Disaster Risk Management Joint Programme’ has been signed to support implementation of the National Disaster Risk Management Framework for Pakistan 2007.
Systematic DRM is vital for Pakistan as it has suffered colossal losses due to disasters in the past sixty years. Historically disasters have affected all development sectors by destroying schools, hospitals, roads, telecommunication infrastructure, industries, settlements, housing, agriculture and environment. However, current development practices of various Ministries, Departments and International Donors are not fully considerate about risks posed by natural and human induced hazards. Therefore, important infrastructure is built in locations that are prone to natural hazards; e.g. earthquakes, floods, cyclones and landslides or human induced hazards like urban fires and technological accidents.
To address the above mentioned issues, an important initiative under the ‘One UN DRM Joint Programme’ is to integrate Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) into the development policy and programming of Ministries, and Departments. The primary objective of the initiative is to ensure that future development programs and projects of selected Ministries and donors in disaster prone areas incorporate elements of disaster risk assessment and risk reduction in the planning, design and implementation stages so that sustainable physical and socio-economic development could be achieved by minimizing shocks from disasters. In this regard, a three pronged strategy has been adopted in order to address problem from various angles.
For implementation of this initiative, a National Working Group on Disaster Risk Reduction (NWG) has been formed in NDMA, comprising members from 10 selected Ministries and lead donors. The Ministries directly dealt by UNDP include P&D (Planning Commission), Housing and Works, Water and Power, Industries and Production, Defence and Communication. Remaining Ministries include Education, Health, Environment and Food & Agriculture which are being dealt through other concerned UN agencies. Selected international donors include WB and DFID. MWG within each Ministry has been formed to implement sector / Ministry-specific DRR Strategies. NDMA is working with these Ministries to develop their capacities in incorporating disaster risk assessment and risk reduction in actual design and implementation of their development projects based in high risk zones. Assistance is being provided to these Ministries for development of technical guidelines on disaster risk assessment and risk reduction of their relevant programs and projects.
1. Objectives of this Consultancy
The main objective is to provide continuous support to DRR Mainstreaming Expert for accomplishment of DRR mainstreaming activities and coordination with the partner Ministries, provinces, districts and other organizations so that to develop the capacities within various development sectors through several activities which include development of technical guidelines on integration of DRR into development processes based on gap analysis and review of current development processes, procedures and regulatory frameworks etc. The DRR Mainstreaming Coordinator will help the DRR Mainstreaming Expert for implementation of annual and quarterly work plans and perform other associated tasks.
The DRR Mainstreaming Coordinator will report to the DRR Mainstreaming Expert, One UN DRM Joint Programme.
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