UNDP is supporting the Government of Pakistan (GoP) in establishing policy, legal and institutional arrangements for Disaster Risk Management (DRM). The purpose of UNDP support is to develop and strengthen capacities of the GoP at national, provincial and local levels to adopt strategies for reducing threat of disasters and minimizing the impact of disaster events upon communities.
The GoP has established policy and institutional mechanisms at national, provincial and district levels. A National Disaster Management Ordinance has been issued in December 2006 which is now an Act of Parliament 2010. Under the Act a National Disaster Management Commission (NDMC) and a National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has been established. The NDMC has notified the provincial, regional and state governments to establish disaster management authorities at provincial and district levels.
Systematic DRM is vital for Pakistan as it has suffered colossal losses due to disasters in the past sixty years. Historically disasters have affected all development sectors by destroying schools, hospitals, roads, telecommunication infrastructure, industries, settlements, housing, agriculture and environment. However, current development practices of various Ministries, Departments and International Donors are not fully considerate about risks posed by natural and human induced hazards. Therefore, important infrastructure is built in locations that are prone to natural hazards; e.g. earthquakes, floods, cyclones and landslides or human induced hazards like urban fires and technological accidents.
To address the above mentioned issues, an important initiative under the ‘One UN DRM Joint Programme’ is to integrate Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) into the development policy and programming of Ministries, and Departments. The primary objective of the initiative is to ensure that future development programs and projects of selected Ministries and donors in disaster prone areas incorporate elements of disaster risk assessment and risk reduction in the planning, design and implementation stages so that sustainable physical and socio-economic development could be achieved by minimizing shocks from disasters. In this regard, a three pronged strategy has been adopted in order to address problem from various angles.
For implementation of this initiative, a National Working Group on Disaster Risk Reduction (NWG) has been formed in NDMA, comprising members from selected Ministries and lead donors. The Ministries directly dealt by UNDP include P&D (Planning Commission), Housing and Works, Water and Power, Industries and Production, Defence and Communication. MWG within each Ministry has been formed to implement sector / Ministry-specific DRR Strategies. NDMA is working with these Ministries to develop their capacities in incorporating disaster risk assessment and risk reduction in actual design and implementation of their development projects based in high risk zones. Assistance is being provided to these Ministries for development of technical guidelines on disaster risk assessment and risk reduction of their relevant programs and projects.
1. Water and Power Sector
Federal Ministry of Water and Power is looking after all major projects on water resources development and energy production and distribution. As stated by the Ministry “in a country like Pakistan, where agriculture continues to form the major plan of national economy and increasing importance is being laid upon industrial development, the need for optimum development of Water and Power resources can not be over-emphasized. Water and Power, hence take high priority in the scheme of things”. Due to water shortages and current energy crisis in the country, this sector has gained high priority; and numerous huge development projects are being launched / implemented. The Ministry is involved in strategic planning in the sector and overall supervision of its two wings i.e. Water and Power. Further, it has following attached authorities / departments:
· Federal Flood Commission (FFC)
· Karachi Electric Supply Company (KESC)
· Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC)
Similarly provincial line departments (such as irrigation departments) are playing vital role in disaster management. Development projects implemented in this sector has large impact on economy and in case of any disaster, a massive disruption may occur. DRR strategy could play a significant role by implementing mitigation measures in the development projects in the Ministry.
2. Objectives of this Consultancy
The main objective is to build capacity of the Ministry / attached organizations / line provincial departments on integration of DRR into development process and programmes following the Ministerial Strategy on DRR. It mainly includes technical assistance to develop the sector-specific technical guidelines on integration of DRR into development process based on gap analysis and review of current development processes and procedures. The DRR Consultant will review and implement the Ministerial Strategy on DRR already developed by the MWG. After analyzing current capacities and gaps in the Ministry regarding DRR integration, the Consultant will also plan and carry out capacity building activities through training courses / workshops / seminars and model DRR demo projects. All outputs will be finalized through consultation with MWG as well as NWG.
The DRR Consultant will work in close coordination with DRR Mainstreaming Expert and with the MWG of the Ministry and other relevant stakeholders. The Consultant will plan to achieve these objectives within the allocated time as per the agreed work plan.
The DRR Consultant will report to the DRR Mainstreaming Expert.
Proficiency in both English and Urdu is desirable.
UNDP is an equal opportunity employer. Women are encouraged to apply.