Terms of Reference – Post MTR to March 2011 Performance Review for Gen-Prom Project
A basic analysis of the Textile & Clothing sector of Pakistan underlines the importance of the sector to the social and economic welfare of the country. The overall share of the T&C sector in the total exports of the country is more than 69%, whereas the share of the sector in the total manufacturing of the country is 46%. In addition, an important highlight of the sector is its share in employment in the country equalling to 38% which confirms a substantial role of the T&C sector to the economy of the country. The value added sector (that is, the Clothing/Garment and Home Textiles sector) that provides the maximum number of jobs and better margins, contributes as low as 9% to the GDP. This low contribution to the GDP in addition to other factors is attributable to lack of high quality skills development and skills up-gradation. While the T&C value added garments contributes far less than the potential, the number of units in the value added garment sector is the highest.
In order to be fully competitive, Pakistan must offer greater product diversity, on-time delivery and consistent quality. Other measures that would promote Pakistan’s apparel export industry include the development of regional trading blocs, more aggressive marketing, but above all at the micro level a trained skilled labor will ensure value added garmenting.
The GENPROM project launched in August 2006 for 5 years, aims to reduce poverty by generating employment for women in the garment industry through training; building the capacity of the private industry to conduct research and advocate gender mainstreaming in the garment industry and to promote gender participation in the garment industry; and recording best practices and disseminating the information for up-scaling skill development initiatives in the country. The project was implemented in Sindh and Punjab in partnership with two implementing partners, Pakistan Ready-Made Garments Manufacturers & Exporters Association (PRGMEA) in Sindh and GC University Faisalabad in Punjab.
GENPROM (Gender Promotion In The Garment / Clothing Sector Through Skills Development), a joint initiative of UNDP and private sector , successfully demonstrated for the first time in Pakistan a model of training Masters Trainers (who are not simple trainers but they are future managers and leaders of the industry, they will serve as agent of change) and also fresh un-trained women by first providing them employment followed by on-job training and absorption in the industry. The average salary of the MT’s was Rs. 15,000/month and with trained workers earning an average income of Rs. 7000 per month. The project has trained 600+ MT’s and 10,400+ workers (over 75% them females) for the apparel and home textile industry in a span of four years.
Rationale for the Project Performance Review:
In 2009, an independent team of consultants undertook the Mid Term Review (MTR) of GENPROM. MTR was commissioned to review the achievements of the project made so far and to identify issues and recommend course corrections. The field mission to Lahore, Faisalabad, and Karachi was undertaken from 28 February to 7 March 2009. The MTR concluded that GENPROM has successfully demonstrated the success and had exceeded the planned targets by conducting training at 31 STUs against a target of 24 STUs. The MTR also found that the project was in right direction towards the national goals of increased employment and income generation opportunities for and economic empowerment of the poor, with special emphasis on women.
The MTR had also made a few recommendations for the future of the project. These recommendations are summarized below: (for details see appendix A)
• Extend Training Scope; by providing training guidelines through horizontal expansion to cover middle management and more areas in the value chain as well as in depth focus on a few selected areas
• Increase Outreach: by including small and medium enterprises and more industry clusters
• Explore Collaboration: with other partners for programmatic synergies and to capitalize on each other comparative advantages
• Review the Institutional Anchorage: of the project, especially in Punjab, with regard to project relevance and sustainability
Objectives of the Mission
There has been a principal agreement among the stakeholders to extend GENPROM project. The purpose of this Performance Review Mission is therefore to facilitate the stakeholders for an informed decision making. The objectives of this mission are three fold:
1. Validate and update the project progress, especially focusing on the period post MTR mission. The project progress would cover achievement of the project against physical targets, an assessment of the emerging impact and sustainability and compilation of lessons learned.
2. To review, validate and, if needed, refine MTR recommendations and suggest broader contours of the project for the extended phase
3. Identify institutional and partnership framework to extend project coverage to small and medium enterprises related to the textile value chain
Scope of Work
o State the status of garment/home textile sector with respect to women participation and economic empowerment as well as the role of the private sector in garment/home textile development at large and women participation in particular.
o Identify the institutional, policy and implementation constraints and opportunities related to the growth in the sector and its impact on people’s livelihoods
o In light of lessons learned, review and recommend the programmatic focus of the project with reference to the nature and size of factories to partner with.
o Suggest terms of engagement for the Implementing Partners and beneficiaries especially from SME
o Analyse the scope of Technopak consultants and recommend additional management skills to be incorporated for future training programmes.
o Provides a justification on why was the (proposed) project strategy chosen and how will achieve the project (intended) results. In this regard:
o Review and suggest ways and means for creating sustainability of “STU’s” and industry’s ownership for training centres and other institutions.
o Review and suggest means and ways for enhancing capacities of existing workforce in the industry.
o Identify suitable institution (s) in the Government, non-governmental and private sector (as appropriate) wherein the project (interventions) and PMU can be institutionally anchored for enhanced and sustainable training delivery.
o Map out the relevant institutions/entities in the sector and define as to how the project (and the Industry) can create (formal) linkages with them for sustaining demand for MTs services, promoting export markets for the sale of apparel/home textile products and accessing new technologies. In case two provincial chapters of GENPROM are recommended (as in the first phase), elaborate as to how institutional linkages between the two chapters can be established for experience sharing, collaboration and consistency in delivery mechanism.
o Outline the linkages; vertical and horizontal, between the different players to promote ownership and relevance for policy making / reforms related to garment/home textile training extension.
Methodology and Duration
The total duration of the mission will be 15 working days spread over a period of one month with the following breakup:
Activity Number of working days
Clarification and finalization of TORs 1
Preparation of annotated outline of the mission report 1
Field visits and stakeholders’ consultations 5
Report preparation (draft) 05
Stakeholders’ meeting over the draft mission report (findings and recommendation) 1
Report finalization 02
Total working days 15
The Mission Team will adopt a consultative and participative approach. This will include meetings with a diverse range of stakeholders including EAD, textile ministry, textile industry, associations, private and public sectors as well as relevant development partners, visits to field sites of GENPROM.
• An annotated outline of the mission report approved by UNDP – within three days after signing of contract
• Draft mission report and a consultative meeting with stakeholders to seek inputs – within 20 days after the finalization of annotated report outline
• Final mission report revised on the basis of comments / feedback of the stakeholders – within 7 days after the receipt of stakeholders’ feedback
The mission will include a two member team: Technical Expert with a Master Degree in Textile or related discipline and having at least 8 years of experience in textile sector or related field.
The technical expert will work with and submit his/her inputs to the team leader.